Social Engagement and Rural Newcomers

Michaela Dopitová

Abstrakt

One of the fundamental preconditions for the development of rural areas is the engagement of local citizens. The objective of this paper is to explore the role of social engagement, understood as an important part of civic engagement, in the integration of newcomers in two rural municipalities. By examining two villages with different levels of public activities of social engagement, I observed the role that social engagement can play in integrating newcomers in rural communities. Based on these case studies, conducted in a peripheral Czech region, the findings of this paper underline the importance of public activities of social engagement as one factor preventing fragmentation and alienation within rural communities and in integrating newcomers into existing communities. At the same time, my results also reveal the vanishing rural character of communities with successful approaches to the integration of newcomers.

Klíčová slova

social engagement newcomers; long-term residents; third places; rural; rurbanisation; Czech Republic

Plný Text:

Mobi (English) ePub (English)

Reference

Zobrazit literaturu Skrýt literaturu

Adler, Richard P. and Judy Goggin. 2005. “What Do We Mean By ‘Civic Engagement?’” Journal of Transformative Education 3(3): 236‒253. https://doi.org/10.1177/1541344605276792

Barrett, Martyn and Bruna Zani. 2015. “Political and Civic Engagement: Theoretical Understandings, Evidence and Policies.” Pp. 3‒25 in Political and Civic Engagement: Multidisciplinary Perspectives, edited by Martyn Barrett and Bruna Zani. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315758145

Barrett, Martyn and Ian Brunton-Smith. 2014. “Political and Civic Engagement and Participation: Towards an Integrative Perspective.” Journal of Civil Society 10(1): 5‒28. https://doi.org/10.1080/17448689.2013.871911

Berger, Ben. 2009. “Political Theory, Political Science and the End of Civic Engagement.” Perspectives on Politics 7(2): 335‒350. https://doi.org/10.1017/S153759270909080X

Berger, Ben. 2011. Attention Deficit Democracy: The Paradox of Civic Engagement. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. https://doi.org/10.23943/princeton/9780691144689.001.0001

Bernard, Josef, ed. 2010. Endogenní rozvojové potenciály malých obcí a místní samospráva. Prague: Sociologický ústav AV ČR.

Bernard, Josef, Tomáš Kostelecký, Michal Illner and Jana Vobecká. 2011. Samospráva venkovských obcí a místní rozvoj. Prague: Sociologické nakladatelství.

Bernard, Josef. 2012. Komunální politika malých obcí a její neformální aspekty. Dissertation. Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Filozofická fakulta, Katedra sociologie.

Brabec, Jan. 2014. “Současné decentralizační trendy – relokalizace a rurbanizace.” In Jak úspěšně řídit obec a region: Cíle, nástroje, trendy, zahraniční zkušenosti, edited by Marek Pavlík et al. Prague: Grada.

CZECH STATISTICAL OFFICE. 2014. “Databáze demografických údajů za obce ČR”. Retrieved April 4, 2014 (https://www.czso.cz/csu/czso/databaze-demografickych-udaju-za-obce-cr).

CZECH STATISTICAL OFFICE. 2016. “Sčítání lidu, domů a bytů”. Retrieved May 16, 2016 (https://vdb.czso.cz/vdbvo2/faces/cs/index.jsf?page=statistiky&filtr=G~F_M~F_Z~F_R~F_P~_S~_null_null_#katalog=30261).

Čmejrek, Jaroslav et al. 2009. Participace občanů na veřejném životě venkovských obcí ČR. Prague: Kernberg Publishing.

Čmejrek, Jaroslav. 2013. “Demokratický deficit v lokálním politickém prostoru ČR: možnosti a meze analýzy.” Acta Politologica 5(2): 178‒186.

Dacombre, Rod. 2009. “Civic Participation.” Pp. 161‒164 in International Encyclopedia of Civil Society, edited by Helmut K. Anheier and Stefan Toepler. New York: Springer Science + Business Media, LLC.

Ekman, Joakim and Erik Amnå. 2012. “Political Participation and Civic Engagement: Towards a New Typology.” Human Affairs 22(3): 283‒300. https://doi.org/10.2478/s13374-012-0024-1

Falk, Ian and Sue Kilpatrick. 2000. “What is Social Capital? A Study of Interaction in a Rural Community.” Sociologia Ruralis 40(1): 87‒110. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9523.00133

Fitchen, Janet M. 1991. Endangered Spaces, Enduring Places: Change, Identity, and Survival in Rural America. Boulder: Westview.

Guillen, Laura, Lluis Coromina and Willem E. Saris. 2011. “Measurement of Social Participation and its Place in Social Capital Theory.” Social Indicators Research 100(2): 331‒350. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-010-9631-6

Halás, Marián, Miloš Fňukal and Šárka Brychtová. N.d. “Základy geografie obyvatelstva a sídel 2.” Olomouc: Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, Katedra geografie. Retrieved September 5, 2016 (http://geography.upol.cz/soubory/studium/DS-GVS/Opora-DOBY1.pdf).

Harriss, John. 2001. “Social Capital Construction and the Consolidation of Civil Society in Rural Areas: Or, Public Action and Rural Development.” London School of Economics: Working Paper Series. No. 01‒16.

Hooghe, Marc and Dietlind Stolle. 2003. “Introduction: Generating Social Capital.” Pp. 1‒18 in Generating Social Capital: Civil Society and Institutions in Comparative Perspective, edited by Marc Hooghe and Dietlind Stolle. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781403979544_1

Immerfall, Stefan, Eckhard Priller and Jan Delhey. 2010. “Association and Community.” Pp. 7‒38 in Handbook of European Societies: Social Transformations in the 21st Century, edited by Stefan Immerfall and Göran Therborn. New York: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-88199-7_2

Krannich, Richard S., A. E. Luloff and Donald R. Field. 2011. People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas. London: Springer.

Librová, Hana. 1997. “Decentralizace osídlení ‒ vize a realita. Část druhá: decentraliazce v realitě české republiky [The Decentralisation of Settlements ‒ Vision and Reality. Part Two: Deconcentration in the Reality of the Czech Republic].” Sociologický časopis 33(1): 27‒40.

Lindström, Martin, Bertil S. Hanson and Per-Olof Östergren. 2001. “Socioeconomic Differences in Leisure-time Physical Activity: The Role of Social Participation and Social Capital in Shaping Health Related Behaviour.” Social Science and Medicine 52(3): 441‒451. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(00)00153-2

Lošťák, Michal and Helena Hudečková. 2003. “Stabilita a flexibilita v představách o venkově a projekce do venkovského rozvoje.” Pp. 755‒764 in Agrární perspektivy XII. Prague: Provozně ekonomická fakulta České zemědělské university v Praze.

Mair, Heather. 2009. “Club Life: Third Place and Shared Leisure in Rural Canada.” Leisure Sciences 31(5): 450‒465. https://doi.org/10.1080/01490400903199740

Matějka, Ondřej. 2008. “Social Capital in Contemporary Sudetenland.” Pp. 277‒294 in Trust and Transitions: Social Capital in Changing World, edited by Milan Znoj and Joseph D. Lewandowski. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Oldenburg, Ray. 1999. The Great Good Place: Cafés, Coffee Shops, Bookstores, Bars, Hair Salons, and Other Hangouts at the Heart of Community. New York: Marlowe & Company.

Oldenburg, Ray. 2001. Celebrating the Third Place: Inspiring Stories about “Great Good Places” at the Heart of Our Communities. Washington, DC: Marlowe & Company.

Paveliuc-Olariu, Codrin. 2010. “The Analysis of the Effects of Rurbanization on Rural Communities in the North-East Development of Romania.” Advances in Agriculture & Botanics – International Journal of the Bioflux Society 2(1): 41‒48.

Morrow-Howell, Nancy and Sarah Gehlert. 2012. “Social Engagement and a Healthy Aging Society.” Pp. 205‒227 in Public Health for an Aging Society, edited by Thomas R. Prohaska, Lynda A. Anderson and Robert H. Binstock. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Putnam, Robert. 1993. Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt7s8r7

Putnam, Robert. 1995. “Bowling Alone: America’s Declining Social Capital.” Journal of Democracy 6(1): 65‒78. https://doi.org/10.1353/jod.1995.0002

Putnam, Robert. 2000. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster. https://doi.org/10.1145/358916.361990

Rural Developments (CAP 2000 Working Document). 1997. European Commission: Directorate General for Agriculture (DGVI).

Ryšavý, Dan. 2016a. “Policy Work at the Local Level.” Pp. 139‒154 in Policy Analysis in the Czech Republic, edited by Arnošt Veselý, Martin Nekola and Eva M. Hejzlarová. Bristol: Policy Press University of Bristol. https://doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781447318149.003.0009

Salamon, Sonya and Jane B. Tornatore. 1994. “Territory Contested Through Property in a Midwestern Post-Agricultural Community.” Rural Sociology 59(4): 636‒654. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1549-0831.1994.tb00552.x

Saey, Stephanie and Kelci Foss. 2016. “The Third Place Experience in Urban and Rural Coffee Shops.” Midwest Journal of Undergraduate Research 171‒177.

Shortall, Sally. 2008. “Are Rural Development Programmes Socially Inclusive? Social Engagement, Participation and Social Capital: Exploring the Differences.” Journal of Rural Studies 24(4): 450‒457. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2008.01.001

Smith, Michael D. and Richard S. Krannich. 2000. “‘Culture Clash’ Revisited: Newcomer and Long-Term Resident’s Attitudes Toward Land Use, Development, and Environmental Issues in Rural Communities in the Rocky Mountain West.” Rural Sociology 65(3): 396‒421. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1549-0831.2000.tb00036.x

Stachová, Jana, Luděk Sýkora and Roman Matoušek. 2011. “Sociální kapitál a rozvoj region.” Pp. 11‒31 in Sociální kapitál a rozvoj regionu: Příklad Kraje Vysočina, edited by Věra Majerová, Tomáš Kostelecký and Luděk Sýkora. Prague: Grada.

Šimon, Martin. 2011. “Únik z města na venkov [Fleeing from Cities to the Country].” Geografické rozhledy (3)10‒11: 6‒7.

Šimon, Martin. 2012. “Exploring Counterurbanisation in a Post-Socialist Context: Case of the Czech Republic.” Sociologia Ruralis 54(2): 117‒142. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9523.2012.00576.x

Šimon, Martin and Lenka Pospíšilová. 2011. “Population Distribution.” Pp. 15‒16 in Atlas of Socio-spatial Differentiation of the Czech Republic, edited by Martin Ouředníček, Jana Temelová and Lenka Pospíšilová. Prague: Karolinum.

Špačková, Petra, Martin Ouředníček and Kateřina Susová. 2012. “Sociální prostředí, sociální kapitál a sociální klima v suburbia.” Pp. 179‒205 in Sociální proměny pražský čtvrtí, edited by Martin Ouředníček and Jana Temelová. Prague: Academia.

Thomas, Patricia A. 2011. “Gender, Social Engagement, and Limitations in Late Life.” Social Science & Medicine 73(9): 1428‒1435. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.07.035

True, Jacqui. 2003. Gender, Globalization and Postsocialism: The Czech Republic after Communism. New York: Columbia University Press. https://doi.org/10.7312/true12714

Verba, Sydney, Kay Lehman Schlozman and Henry E. Brady. 1995. Voice and Equality: Civic Voluntarism in American Politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Vošta, Milan. 2010. “Udržitelný rozvoj venkovského prostoru České republiky v kontextu nástrojů Evropské unie [Sustainable Development of Rural Areas of the Czech Republic in the Context of Instruments of the European Union].” Acta Oeconomica Pragensia 18(5): 20‒34. https://doi.org/10.18267/j.aop.315

Zukin, Cliff, Scott Keeter, Molly Andolina, Krista Jenkins and Michael X. Delli Carpini. 2006. A New Engagement? Political Participation, Civic Life and the Changing American Citizen. New York: Oxford University Press.
https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183177.001.0001

https://doi.org/10.5817/SOC2016-2-73