Náboženství v laboratoři sociální implicitní kognice: víra v automatických reakcích jako implicitní postoj a dovednost

Tomáš Hampejs

Abstrakt

Tento text na rozhraní teoretické eseje a přehledové studie poukazuje na metodologické paradigma experimentální sociální psychologie jako na vhodný prostor pro zkoumání a vysvětlování náboženské víry mezi universalistickým pojetím kognitivní vědy o náboženství s jejím důrazem na evolučně vyvinuté kognitivní kapacity lidského chování a tradičními historiografickými a antropologickými metodami s jejich důrazem na socio-kulturní kontext. Snaží se odpovědět na některé otázky po možnosti smysluplné redukce a experimentalizace náboženské víry a jejího měření za hranicemi dotazovacích metod s jejich limitem introspekce a sebeprezentačním zkreslením. Představuje experimentální prostor psychologické laboratoře jako místo, kde se paradoxně díky redukci a dekontextualizaci studovaného jevu plasticky odhaluje klíčová role situačního kontextu i přes reduktivní rámec vysvětlující vědy. Případná „náboženskost“ a náboženská víra tak o to více ukazuje svoji závislost na konkrétní praxi a performanci. Cílem textu je ukázat jak může experimentálně podložené pojetí afektivní složky víry jako implicitního postoje přispět k deesencializaci víry jako ryze náboženského znaku.

Klíčová slova

náboženská víra; sociální impliciní kognice; implicitní postoj; experimentální studium náboženství

Plný Text:

Reference

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https://doi.org/10.5817/SOC2013-2-85