Životní běh: Inovace a úkoly sociálního výzkumu

Walter R. Heinz, Helga Krüger

Abstrakt

Autoři se ve svém článku zaměřují na zkoumání životního běhu a s tím související společenské změny. Poukazují na rychlé společenské změny v posledních desetiletích. Životní běh představuje hlavní sféru integrace jednotlivce do společnosti, ale i hlavní sféru napětí mezi nimi. Rozvoj osobnosti se stává jak projektem, tak odrazem společnosti a společenských požadavků. S postupující modernizací se nejenom v Severní Americe, ale také v Evropě uspořádání životního běhu stává stále dynamičtějším, méně standardizovaným a více v režii jedince samotného. Analýza moderního životního běhu se proto snaží zjistit, do jaké míry ztratily biografie své determinující rámce, mezi něž patřil sociální původ, gender, věk a etnická příslušnost, a zdůrazňuje, jak se utváření prostřednictvím strukturálních sil přesunuje k sociálním procesům vyjednávání mezi jednotlivcem, sociálními sítěmi, strukturami příležitostí a institucemi.

Klíčová slova

kulturní sociologie; Evropa; gender; životní běh; Severní Amerika; lidský život

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