Marriage, Childbearing and Single Motherhood: Trends in Attitudes and Behaviour in Czechia and Slovakia from 1991 to 2017

Beatrice-Elena Chromková Manea, Ladislav Rabušic

Abstrakt

Given the intensive political and economic transformation process, followed
by demographic changes that has characterized the Czech Republic and Slovakia since 1989, we examine the variation in personal values and attitudes towards marriage, childbearing and single motherhood in these two countries. The main goal is to examine if the trends in values concerning marriage, childbearing
and single motherhood observed between 1991 and 2017 were accompanied by similar demographic changes. Data from four waves of the European Value Study (EVS) are used, together with official vital demographic statistics. Our analysis shows that the correspondence between attitudinal survey-micro-data
and aggregated (statistical) macro data is quite considerable and that there is a link/association between attitudes and behaviours.

Plný Text:

mobi (English) EPUB (English)

Reference

Zobrazit literaturu Skrýt literaturu

BECKER, Gary S. 1981. A Treatise on the Family. Enl. ed. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

BRŰCKNER, Hannah and Karl Urlich MAYER. 2005. “De-standardization of the Life Course: What It Might Mean? And If It Means Anything, Whether It Actually Took Place?” Advances in Life Course Research 9(1): 27–53. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1040-2608(04)09002-1

CLELAND, John. 1985. “Marital Fertility Decline in Developing Countries: Theories and the Evidence.” Pp. 223–252 in Reproductive Change in Developing Countries: Insights from the World Fertility Survey, edited by John CLELAND and John HOBCRAFT. London: Oxford University Press.

DEYL, Zdeněk. 1985. Sociální vývoj Československa 1918-1938. Prague: Academia.

EASTERLIN, Richard A. 1980. Birth and Fortune: The Impact of Numbers on Personal Welfare. New York: Basic Books.

FUČÍK, Petr, Beatrice-Elena CHROMKOVÁ MANEA, and Ladislav RABUŠIC. In Press. “K problému de-instituzionalizace manželství [On the De-institutionalization of Marriage].” In Vedle sebe, nebo spolu? (Česko a Slovensko optikou vývoje hodnot po roce 1991) [Alongside or Together? (Value Change in Czechia and Slovakia after 1991)], edited by Ladislav RABUŠIC, Zuzana KUSÁ, Beatrice-Elena CHROMKOVÁ MANEA, and Katarina STRAPCOVÁ. Bratislava: Slovart.

GOLDSCHEIDER, Calvin. 1999. “Religious Values, Dependencies, and Fertility: Evidence and Implications from Israel.” Pp. 310–330 in Dynamics of Values in Fertility Change, edited by Richard LEETE. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

HAMPLOVÁ, Dana. 2003. Vstup do manželství a nesezdaného soužití v České republice po roce 1989 v souvislosti se vzděláním [Marriage and Cohabitation Entry by the Level of Education, Czech Republic after 1989]. Prague: SOÚ AV ČR.

HAŠKOVÁ, Hana and Ladislav RABUŠIC. 2008. “K nízké sňatečnosti v české republice [On Low Marriage Rate in the Czech Republic].” Sociální studia/Social Studies 5(2): 9–32.

INGLEHART, Ronald and Christian WELZEL. 2005. Modernization, Cultural Change, and Democracy: The Human Development Sequence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

INGLEHART, Ronald. 1977. The Silent Revolution. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

INGLEHART, Ronald. 1997. Modernization and Postmodernization: Cultural, Economic and Political Change in 43 Societies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

KATRŇÁK, Tomáš. 2001. “Strukturální příčiny poklesu sňatečnosti a nárůstu svobodných v České republice v průběhu devadesátých let [Structural Causes of the Decline in the Number of Marriages and the Increase in the Number of Single Women and Men in the Czech Republic in the 1990s].” Sociologický časopis/Czech Sociological Review 37(2): 225–240.

KAUFMAN, Gayle. 2000. “Do Gender Roles and Attitudes Matter? Family Formation and Dissolution Among Traditional and Egalitarian Men and Women.” Journal of Family Issues 21(1): 128–144. https://doi.org/10.1177/019251300021001006

KINGSLEY, Davis. 1963. “The Theory of Change and Response in Modern Demographic History.” Population Index 29(4): 345–366. https://doi.org/10.2307/2732014

KOCOURKOVÁ, Jiřina and Ladislav RABUŠIC. 2006. Sňatek a rodina: zájem soukromý nebo veřejný?: Proměny reprodukčního chování a možnosti rodinné politiky z hlediska postojů české veřejnosti [Marriage and Family: Private or Public Interest?]. Prague: UK.

LESTHAEGHE, Ron. 1983. “A Century of Demographic and Cultural Change in Western Europe.” Population and Development Review 9(3): 411–435. https://doi.org/10.2307/1973316

LESTHAEGHE, Ron. 1995. “The Second Demographic Transition in Western Countries: An Interpretation.” Pp. 17–62 in Gender and Family Change in Industrialized Countries, edited by Karen Oppenheim MASON and An-Magritt JENSEN. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

LESTHAEGHE, Ron. 2010. “The Unfolding Story of Second Demographic Transition.” Population and Development Review 36(2): 211–251. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2010.00328.x

MCDONALD, Peter. 2006. “Low Fertility and the State: The Efficacy of Policy.” Population and Development Review 32(3): 485–510. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2006.00134.x

MOORS, Guy. 2003. “Estimating the Reciprocal Effect of Gender Role Attitudes and Family Formation: A Log-linear Path Model with Latent Variables.” European Journal of Population 19(2): 199–221. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1023347023126

RETHERFORD, Robert D., Naohiro OQAWA, and Satomi SAKAMOTO. 1999. “Values and Fertility Change in Japan.” Pp. 121–147 in Dynamics of Values in Fertility Change, edited by Richard LEETE. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

RINDFUSS, Ronald R., Karin L. BREWSTER, and Andrew L. KAVEE. 1999. “Women, Work, and Children: Behavioural and Ideational Change in the United States.” Pp. 148–178 in Dynamics of Values in Fertility Change, edited by Richard LEETE. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

SOBOTKA, Tomáš, Anna ŠŤASTNÁ, Kryštof ZEMAN, Dana HAMPLOVÁ, and Vladimira KANTOROVÁ. 2008. “Czech Republic: A Rapid Transformation of Fertility and Family Behaviour after the Collapse of State Socialism.” Demographic Research, Special Collection 7, 19 (Article 14): 403–454. https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.14

SOBOTKA, Tomáš, Kryštof ZEMAN, and Vladimira KANTOROVÁ. 2003. “Demographic Shifts in the Czech Republic After 1989: A Second Demographic Transition View.” European Journal of Population 19(3): 249–277. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024913321935

SOBOTKA, Tomáš. 2008. “The Diverse Faces of the Second Demographic Transition in Europe.” Demographic Research 19 (Article 8): 171–224. https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.8

ŠTÍPKOVÁ, Martrina 2013. “Declining Health Disadvantage of Non-marital Children: Explanation of the Trend in the Czech Republic 1990-2010.” Demographic Research 29: 663–706. https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2013.29.25

SURKYN, Johan and Ron LESTHAEGHE. 2004.Value Orientations and the Second Demographic Transition (SDT) in Northern, Western and Southern Europe: An Update.” Demographic Research Special Collection 3: 4586. https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2004.S3.3

THORNTON, Arland and Dimiter PHILIPOV. 2009. “Sweeping Changes in Marriage, Cohabitation and Childbearing in Central and Eastern Europe: New Insights from the Developmental Idealism Framework.” European Journal of Population/Revue européenne de Démographie 25(2): 123–156. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10680-009-9181-2

UHLENBERG, Peter. 2000. “Review of Dynamics of Values in Fertility Change.” Population and Development Review 26(2): 399–401.

VAN DE KAA, Dirk J. 2001. “Postmodern Fertility Preferences: From Changing Value Orientation to New Behavior.” Pp. 290–332 in Global Fertility Transition, edited by Rodolfo A. BULATAO and John B. CASTERLINE. New York: Population Council.

VAN DE KAA, Dirk. J. 1987. “Europe’s Second Demographic Transition.” Population Bulletin 42 (1), Washington, The Population Reference Bureau.

ZEMAN, Kryštof. 2007. “Nemanželská plodnost – demografický přehled [Out-of-wedlock Childbearing – A Demographic Overview].” Pp. 17–28 in Děti na psí knížku: Mimomanželská plodnost v ČR [Out-of-wedlock Childbearing in the Czech Republic], edited by Dana HAMPLOVÁ, Jana CHALOUPKOVÁ, Eva SOUKUPOVÁ, Petr SUNEGA, and Kryštof ZEMAN. Prague: Institute of Sociology.

https://doi.org/10.5817/SOC2019-2-25