„A přišel ti naproti?“: dohled rodičů jako neviditelná bariéra prostorového chování jejich dcer ve vzdálených univerzitních městech

Robert Osman, Jana Jíchová

Abstrakt

Research on perceptions of security has long focused on exploring fear for oneself, but fear for other person, so-called altruistic fear, which can contribute significantly to the overall perception of security, is equally important. Fear for others is also related to the need for surveillance and control over those for whom we worry. This article focuses on the importance of transferred, spatially absent parental control for the perception of fear for daughters who moved from a small municipality to a large, distant university city. Through semi-structured interviews with female first and second year college students, we examine how their feelings of safety and danger in the new environment transformed during their transition to university, how parents approached their leaving home and how they communicated with their daughters, and how the parents continued to supervise them despite the spatial divide. Our analysis shows the different forms that the relationship between parental control and their daughter’s fear can take, and how fear for oneself can be interwoven with fear for others.

Klíčová slova

surveillance/control; safety; altruistic fear; women; parents; invisibility

Plný Text:

mobi EPUB

Reference

Zobrazit literaturu Skrýt literaturu

CRAWFORD, Sharinne B. et al. 2017. „Worries, ‚Weirdos‘, Neighborhoods and Knowing People: A Qualitative Study with Children and Parents Regarding Children’s Independent Mobility.“ Health & Place 45: 131–139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.005

DE GROOF, Saskia. 2008. „And My Mama Said... The (Relative) Parental Influence on Fear of Crime among Adolescent Girls and Boys.“ Youth & Society 39(3): 267–293. https://doi.org/10.1177/0044118X07301000

DRAKULICH, Kevin M. 2014. „Concerns for Self or Family? Sources of and Responses to Altruistic Fear.“ Journal of Interpersonal Violence 30(7): 1168–1207. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260514539842

FERRARO, Kenneth F. 1995. Fear of Crime: Interpreting Victimization Risk. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.

FOSTER, Sarah, Karen VILLANUEVA, Lisa WOOD, Hayley CHRISTIAN a Billie GILLES-CORTI. 2014. „The Impact of Parents’ Fear of Strangers and Perceptions of Informal Social Control on Children’s Independent Mobility.“ Health & Place 26: 60–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2013.11.006

GLASER, Barney a Anselm STRAUSS. 1967. The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company.

GLASSNER, Barry. 2009. The Culture of Fear: Why Americans are Afraid of the Wrong Things: Crime, Drugs, Minorities, Teen Moms, Killer Kids, Muta. 2nd edition. New York: Basic Books.

GRUSZCZYNSKA, Beata a Marek GRUSZCZYNSKI. 2005. „Crime in Enlarged Europe: Comparision of Crime Rates and Victimization Risks.“ Transition Studies Review 12(3): 337–345. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11300-005-0065-9

HALE, Chris. 1996. „Fear of Crime: A Review of the Literature.“ International Review of Victimology 4(2): 79–150. https://doi.org/10.1177/026975809600400201

HEBER, Anita. 2009. „‚The Worst that Could Happen‘: On Altruistic Fear of Crime.“ International Review of Victimology 16(3): 257–275. https://doi.org/10.1177/026975800901600302

CHARMAZ, Kathy. 2006. Constructing Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide through Qualitative Analysis. London: SAGE Publications.

CHARMAZ, Kathy. 2008. „Grounded Theory.“ Pp. 81–110 in Jonathan A. SMITH (ed.). Qualitative Psychology: A Practical Guide to Research Methods. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications.

MADRIZ, Esther. 1997. Nothing Bad Happens to Good Girls: Fear of Crime in Women’s Lives. Berkeley: University of California Press.

MAY, David C., Lesa R. VARTANIAN a Keri VIRGO. 2002. „The Impact of Parental Attachment and Supervision on Fear of Crime among Adolescent Males.“ Adolescence 37(146): 267–287.

OSMAN, Robert a Jana JÍCHOVÁ. 2019. „Pohyb pod dohledem / Geografie ‚prvaček‘.“ Pp. 111–145 in Robert OSMAN a Lucie POSPÍŠILOVÁ (eds.). Geografie „okrajem“: každodenní časoprostorové zkušenosti. Praha: Karolinum.

PAIN, Rachel. 1997. „Social Geographies of Women’s Fear of Crime.“ Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 22(2): 231–244.

PODANÁ, Zuzana a Eva KRULICHOVÁ. 2018. „The Impact of Parenting Style on Fear of Crime among Adolescent Girls and Boys.“ Journal of Youth Studies [online]. https://doi.org/10.1080/13676261.2018.1449945

SHINEBOURNE, Pnina 2011. „The Theoretical Underpinnings of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis.“ Existentical Analysis 22(1): 16–31.

SIEBEL, Walter a Jan WEHRHEIM. 2006. „Security and Urban Public Sphere.“ German Policy Studies 3(1): 19–46.

SMITH, Jonathan, A., Paul FLOWERS a Michael LARKIN. 2009. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis: Theory, Method and Research. London: Sage Publications.

SMITH, Jonathan, A. a Mike OSBORN. 2003. „Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis.“ Pp. 53–80 in Jonathan A. SMITH (ed.). Qualitative Psychology: A Practical Guide to Research Methods. London: Sage Publications.

SNEDKER, Karen A. 2006. „Altruistic and Vicarious Fear of Crime: Fear for Others and Gendered Social Roles.“ Sociological Forum 21(2): 163–195. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11206-006-9019-1

STANKO, Elisabeth A. 1990. Everyday Violence: Women’s and Men’s Experience of Personal Danger. London: Pandora Press.

TEMELOVÁ, Jana, Jana JÍCHOVÁ, Lucie POSPÍŠILOVÁ a Nina DVOŘÁKOVÁ. 2017. „Urban Social Problems and Marginalized Population in Post-Socialist Transition Societies: Perception of the City Centre of Prague, the Czechia.“ Urban Affairs Review 53(2): 273–304. https://doi.org/10.1177/1078087415620304

TULLOCH, Marian I. 2004. „Parental Fear of Crime: A Discursive Analysis.“ Journal of Sociology 40(4): 362–377. https://doi.org/10.1177/1440783304048380

VANDERVEEN, Gabry. 2006. Interpreting Fear, Crime, Risk and Unsafety. Disertační práce. Rotterdam: Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

VOZMEDIANO, Laura, César SAN-JUAN, Ana I. VERGARA a Natalia ALONSO-ALBERCA. 2017. „‚Watch out, Sweetie‘: The Impact of Gender and Offence Type on Parents’ Altruistic Fear of Crime.“ Sex Roles 77(9–10): 676–686. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-017-0758-7

WARR, Mark. 1992. „Altruistic Fear of Victimization in Households.“ Social Science Quarterly 73(4): 723–736.

WARR, Mark a Christopher G. ELLISON. 2000. „Rethinking Social Reactions to Crime: Personal and Altruistic Fear in Family Households.“ American Journal of Sociology 106(3): 551–578. https://doi.org/10.1086/318964

https://doi.org/10.5817/SOC2019-1-103