The Organisation of Care for Older People in Rural Communities: Two Case Studies from Slovenia

Majda Černič Istenič, Duška Knežević Hočevar

Abstrakt

This article discusses the organisation of community care for older people in two rural
municipalities in Slovenia, which are contrasting in terms of “wellbeing” attained. The two case studies
are part of a wider research project on community care in the country, aiming to establish the typology
of institutional care for older people at the level of municipality. As a follow‑up to the initial research,
both cases assessed the typology “on the ground”. The various actors were selected by snowball sampling
and interviewed about past and present forms of caring for older people. Contrary to the typology, the results
of both cases show that institutional forms of care exist in both municipalities but differ in the field
of cooperation among various formal and informal local care‑practitioners. Care within families, still
the prevalent informal care provider in both communities, hides the financial inability of locals to use
some formal care services in their community. Uniform national standards for organisation of formal care
notwithstanding, the results show the communities’ peculiar adjustments to population ageing and their
partial integration into society.

Klíčová slova

community care; older people; rural setting; Slovenia

Plný Text:

Mobi (English) EPUB (English)

Reference

Zobrazit literaturu Skrýt literaturu

BACSU, Juanita, Bonnie Jeffery, Nuelle Novik, Sylvia Abonyi, Sarah Oosman, Shanthi Johnson, and Diane Martz. 2014. “Policy, Community and Kin: Interventions that Support Rural Healthy Aging.” Activities, Adaptation & Aging 38(2): 138–155. https://doi.org/10.1080/01924788.2014.901067

BURHOLT, Vanessa and Christine Dobbs. 2012. “Research on Rural Ageing: Where Have We Got to and Where Are We Going in Europe?” Journal of Rural Studies 28(4): 432–446. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2012.01.009

ČERNIČ ISTENIČ, Majda. 2013. “Medgeneracijska solidarnost skozi prizmo organiziranosti oskrbe za starejše v skupnosti [Intergenerational Solidarity through the Prism of Organisation of Care for Older People in the Community].” Socialno delo 52(1): 43–56.

DAVIES, Amanda. 2011. “On Constructing Ageing Rural Populations: ‘Capturing’ the Grey Nomad.” Journal of Rural Studies 27(2): 191–199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2011.01.004

EUROPEAN COMMISSION. 2013. Long-term Care in Ageing Societies – Challenges and Policy Options. Social Investment Package. Commission Staff Working Document. SWD 41 final.

IECOVICH, Esther. 2014. “Aging in Place: From Theory to Practice.” Anthropological Notebooks 20(1): 21–33.

GARMS-HOMOLOVÁ, Vjenka and Korte Werner. 1993. “Altern in der Stadt und auf dem Lande – Unterschiede oder Angleichung?” Pp. 215–233 in Lebenslagen im Strukturwandel des Alters. Alternde Gesellschaft – Folgen für die Politik, edited by N. Gerhard and H.P. Tews. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-322-99987-0_12

HLEBEC, Valentina. 2010. “Oskrba starih med državo in družino: oskrba na domu [Care of Older People Between the State and the Family: Home Care].” Teorija in praksa 47(4): 765–785.

HLEBEC, Valentina, Mali Jana, and Maša Filipovič Hrast. 2014. “Community Care for Older People in Slovenia.” Anthropological Notebooks 20(1): 5–20.

KEATING, Norah C. 2008. Rural Ageing: A Good Place to Grow Older? Bristol: Policy Press. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt9qgmzc

KEATING, Norah C., Jacquie Eales, and Judith E. Phillips. 2013. “Age-friendly Rural Communities: Conceptualizing ‘Bestfit’.” Canadian Journal on Aging 32(4): 319–332. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0714980813000408

KNEŽEVIĆ HOČEVAR, Duška. 2013. Etnografija medgeneracijskih odnosov: dom in delo na kmetijah skozi življenjske pripovedi [Ethnography of Intergenerational Relationships: Home and Work through Life Stories]. Ljubljana: Založba ZRC, ZRC SAZU.

KRIPPENDORFF, Klaus. 2004. Content Analysis: An Introduction to its Methodology, 2nd edition. London: Sage Publications.

LOUGHRAN, Kevin. 2003. The Idea of Community, Social Policy and Self. Belfast: AJP Publications.

MILBOURNE, Paul. 2012. “Growing Older in Rural Places.” Journal of Rural Studies 28(4): 315-317. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2012.10.001

NAGODE, Mateja. 2012. “Dvajset let izvajanja socialnovarstvene storitve pomoč na domu v Sloveniji (1991–2011) [Twenty Years of Performing a Home Care in Slovenia, 1991–2011].” Pp. 230–237 in Čas beži, a pušča sledi: 50 let centrov za socialno delo in 15 let Skupnosti centrov za socialno delo, edited by D. Kuzmanič Korva. Ljubljana: Skupnost centrov za socialno delo Slovenije.

POWELL, Jason L. and Tim Owen. 2005. “The Bio-medical Model of Ageing: Towards an Antireductionist Model.” International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 25(9): 27–40. https://doi.org/10.1108/01443330510791162

POWELL, Jason L. and Simon Biggs. 2000. “Managing Older Age: The Disciplinary Web of Power, Surveillance and Normalisation.” Journal of Ageing and Identity 5(1): 3–13. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009541314124

ROVAN, Jože, Kaja Malešič, and Lea Bregar. 2009. “Blaginja občin v Sloveniji: [Wellbeing of the Municipalities in Slovenia].” Geodetski vestnik 53(1): 70–91.

SKINNER, Mark W. and Rachel Winterton. 2017. “Interrogating the Contested Spaces of Rural Aging: Implications for Research, Policy, and Practice”. The Gerontologist 58(1): 15–25. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnx094

SCHARF, Thomas, Kieran Walsh, and Eamon O’Shea. 2016. “Ageing in Rural Places.” Pp. 50–61 in Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies, edited by M. Shucksmith and L.D. Brown. New York: Routledge.

SCHARF, Thomas, Clare G. Wenger, Frans Thissen, and Vanessa Burholt. 2005. “Older People in Rural Europe: A Comparative Analysis.” Pp. 187–202 in Winning and Losing: The Changing Geography of Europe’s Rural Areas, edited by D. Schmied. Aldershot: Ashgate.

SCHULZ-NIESWANDT, Frank. 2000. “Altern im ländlichen Raum – eine Situationsanalyse.” Pp. 21–39 in Altern im ländlichen Raum: Ansätze für eine vorausschauende Alten- und Gesundheitspolitik, edited by U. Walter and T. Altgeld. Frankfurt: Campus.

SCHWEPPE, Cornelia. 2000. Biographie und Alter(n) auf dem Land: Lebenssituation und Lebensentwürfe. Opladen: Leske & Budrich. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-663-09429-6

STATISTIČNI URAD Republike Slovenije [Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, (SORS)]. 2017. Slovenske občine v številkah [Slovenian Municipalities in Figures]. Retrieved October 15, 2017 (http://www.stat.si/obcine/en/2015).

TEWS, Hans Peter. 1987. “Altern auf dem Lande.” Der Landkreis 8/9: 446–452.

TIMONEN, Virpi. 2008. Ageing Societies: A Comparative Introduction. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill/Open University Press.

VLADA Republike Slovenije (The Government of the Republic of Slovenia (GRS)). 2013. Resolucija o nacionalnem programu socialnega varstva za obdobje 2013–2020 [Resolution on the National Social Assistance Programme 2013–2020]. Uradni list RS 39(13): 4668–4680.

WALSH, Kieran, Eamon O’Shea, and Thomas Scharf. 2012. Social Exclusion and Ageing in Diverse Rural Communities in Ireland, Northern Ireland and Scotland. Galway: Healthy Ageing in Rural Communities (HARC) Research Network.

WENGER, Clare G. 2001. “Myths and Realities of Ageing in Rural Britain.” Ageing and Society 21(1):117–130. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X01008042

https://doi.org/10.5817/SOC2018-1-65