Rámec pro budování bezpečného a efektivního prostředí ve škole: Pozitivní intervence a podpora chování (PBIS)

Robert H. Horner, Manuel Monzalve Macaya

Abstrakt

Školy po celém světě se snaží vytvářet bezpečné a efektivní učební prostředí. Neustálou výzvou je agrese studentů, jejich nekázeň a absence. Tradičním přístupem k problémovému chování byl trest a náprava. V poslední době se ale objevují možnosti charakteristické pozitivním, proaktivním a komplexním přístupem. Pozitivní intervence a podpora chování (Positive Behavioral Interventions and Support; PBIS) je jedním z možných rámců, které spojují celoškolní preventivní přístup a víceúrovňovou podporu chování. Tato studie shrnuje logiku a základní znaky PBIS, výzkumnou literaturu týkající se realizovatelnosti a efektivnosti PBIS a také poznatky z implementace PBIS na více než 26 000 školách v USA. Diskuse se pak soustředí na problémy spojené s adaptací programu v odlišném kulturním prostředí mimo USA a v různých sociálních kontextech.

Klíčová slova

pozitivní podpora chování, implementace, školní kázeň, kulturní adaptace

Plný Text:

Reference

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