Petroarcheologie ostatní kamenné industrie z lokality Tell Arbid Abyad, severní Mezopotámie (Sýrie)

Jan Petřík, Antonín Přichystal


Excavations at Tell Arbid Abyad detected Late Neolithic settlement features containing also so-called other lithic industry. All compact rocks were imported to Tell Arbid Abyad as a consequence of human activity. The majority of the collection comprises of angular carbonate rock chips and pebbles of unclear function. The nearest local sources of carbonate rock are represented by an alluvial fan ten kilometres to the North of the studied site and in the sediments of streams lying at the Syrian/Turkish border. On the other hand, basaltic rocks are dominant among the artefacts and probably came from the area of basalt plateau Hemma.

Bibliografická citace

Petřík, J., & Přichystal, A. (2016). Petroarcheologie ostatní kamenné industrie z lokality Tell Arbid Abyad, severní Mezopotámie (Sýrie). Geologické výzkumy na Moravě a ve Slezsku, 18(2). Získáno z

Klíčová slova

Mesopotamia; Syria; other lithic industry; petroarchaeology; geochemistry of basalts

Plný Text:


Zobrazit literaturu Skrýt literaturu

Aqrawi, A. – Domas, J. – Jassim, S. Z. (2006): Quarternary deposits. – In: Jassim, S. Z. – Goff J. C. (eds): Geology of Iraq. Brno.
Bradák, B. – Szakmány, G. – Józsa, S. – Přichystal, A. (2009): Application of magnetic susceptibility on polished stone tools from Western Hungary and the Eastern part of the Czech Republic (Central Europe). – Journal of Archaeological Science, 36, 10, 2437–2444.
Brew, G. – Litak, R. – Barazangi, M. – Sawaf, T. (1999): Tectonic evolution of northeast Syria: Regional implications and hydrocarbon prospects. New York.
Çoban, H. (2007): Basalt magma genesis and fractionation in collision- and extension-related provinces: A comparison between eastern, central and western Anatolia. – Earth-Science Reviews, 80, 3–4, 219–238.
Deckers, K. – Riehl, S. (2005): Fluvial environmental contexts for archaeological sites in the Upper Khabur basin (northeastern Syria). – Quaternary Research, 67, 337–348.
Embry, A. F. – Klovan, J. E. (1971): A Late Devonian reef tract on northeastern Banks Island. – Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum. Geology, 19, 730–781.
Folk, R. L. (1962): Spectral subdivision of limestone types. – In: Ham, W. E. (ed.): Classification of Carbonate Rocks, Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 1, 62–84. Tulsa.
Hladil, J. (1996): Karbonátová sedimentární tělesa I. Jejich vznik a vývoj. 99 str. Brno.
Le Bas, M. J. – Le Maittre, R. W. – Streckeisen, A. – Zanettin, B. (1986): A chemical classification of volcanic rocks based on the total alkali-silica diagram. – Journal of Petrology, 27, 745–750.
Mateiciucová, I. (2010): Tell Arbid Abyad: New Late Neolithic Site in the Upper Khabur Basin, NE Syria: A First Preliminary
Report. – In: Matthiae, P. – Pinnoc, F. – Nigro, L. – Marchetti, N. (eds): Proceedings of the 6th International Congress of the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, Vol. 3, 411–422. Wiesbaden.
Mirzayev, K. (1963): Geomorphological map of Syria 1 : 1 000 000. Moskva.
Nakamura, N. (1974): Determination of REE, Ba, Fe, Mg, Na and K in carbonaceous and ordinary chondrites. – Cheochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 38, 757–773.
Petřík, J. (2010): Petroarcheologický výzkum tzv. ostatní kamenné industrie z Tell Arbid Abyad v Sýrii. – MS, bakalářská práce, PřF MU Brno.
Ponikarov, V. P. – Kazmun, V. G. – Kozlov V. V. – Krašeninnikov, V. A. – Michajlov, I. A. – Razvaljajev, A. V. – Sulidi-Kondramjev, E. D. – Ufljand, A. K. – Faradžev, B. A. (1969): Geologija i poleznye izkopaemye zarubežnych stran: Sirija. Leningrad.
Scholle, P. A. – Ulmer-Scholle, D. S. (2003): A Color Guide to the Petrography of Carbonate Rocks: Grains, textures, porosity, diagenesis. Tulsa.
Uz, B. – Wsenli, V. – Yavuz, O. – Manav, H. – Bocak, G. (2001): Sert mermer grubuna bir örnek; Karacadağ (Diarbakir) bazalshrinin „mermer“ açisindan incelenmesi. – Türkiey III. Mermer sempozyumu (mersem‘2001) Bildiriler kitari 3–5 mayis 2001/Afyon. Istanbul.
Wilkinson, T. J. (2003): Archaeological landscape of the Near East. Tucson.
Williams–Thorpe, O. – Jones, M. C. – Webb, P. C. – Rigby, I. J. (2000): Magnetic susceptibility thickness corrections for small artefacts and comments on the effects of ‘background’ materials. – Archaeometry, 42, 1, 101–108.