Wagner a Nietzsche: Koncept evoluce

H. James Birx, Branko Milićević

Abstrakt

Wagnerova tetralogie Prsten Nibelungů a Nietzschův dynamický pohled na svět odrážely nově se formující paradigma evoluce, věnovaly totiž náležitou pozornost konceptům času a změny s jejich dalekosáhlými důsledky. Oba géniové tvořivosti uznávali boje a konflikty, zcela prostupující sociální bytí a očekávali, že lidstvo bude postaveno před výzvu, která převrátí naruby tradiční hodnoty. Přitom však zdůrazňovali sílu vůle a přetrvání života. Díky Wagnerovi a Nietzschovi zahrnula Darwinova perspektiva evoluce jak umění, tak filozofii; vzniká nový model vesmíru. Wagner sice se smrtí hrdiny Siegfrieda předjímal konec lidstva, Nietzche si však představuje naplnění poslání našeho druhu v budoucím příchodu nadřazeného nadčlověka, který je cílem pokračující pozemské evoluce.

Bibliografická citace

Birx, H. J. – Milićević, B. (2016): Wagner & Nietzsche: The Concept of Evolution. Anthropologia integra, 7(2), 7–21. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5817/AI2016-2-7

Klíčová slova

změna; Darwin; evoluce; nadčlověk; filozofie; cyklus Prsten Nibelungů; čas; vesmír; hodnoty; vůle

Plný Text:

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https://doi.org/10.5817/AI2016-2-7