Bisfenol S – příběh politováníhodné substituce

Tereza Žalmanová, Kristýna Hošková, Jan Nevoral, Šárka Prokešová, Kateřina Zámostná, Zora Kotíková, Jaroslav Petr

Abstrakt

Žijeme v „době plastové“. Obrovské množství plastů vstupuje do životního prostředí a z tohoto materiálu se uvolňuje řada chemikálií s endokrinně disrupčními účinky. Bisfenol A (BPA) je znám jako jeden z takových účinných endokrinních disruptorů uvolňovaných z plastů. Tato látka vykazuje široké spektrum negativních efektů na zdraví zvířat i lidí. Proto bylo používání BPA v řadě lidských oborů omezeno a u mnoha výrobků je garantováno, že BPA neobsahují.  BPA může v plastech chybět, jen pokud je nahrazen jinými látkami. Jako náhrada za BPA se často používá bisfenol S (BPS), i když jeho endokrinně disrupční účinky jsou prozkoumány jen velmi málo. Jako chemikálie, jejíž používání podléhá mnohem slabší legislativní regulaci než její předchůdce, je nyní BPS používán v mnoha materiálech. Nově získávané poznatky ale stále jasněji ukazují, že BPS není zdaleka bezpečná látka. Nenápadná náhrada BPA za BPS může být vnímána jako zlepšení. Ale zdá se, že tomu přesně naopak. S tím, jak se BPS šíří naším „do plastu zabaleným“ světem, jsme se jen dostali z bláta do louže.

Bibliografická citace

Žalmanová, T. – Hošková, K. – Nevoral, J. – Prokešová, Š. – Zámostná, K. – Kotíková, Z. – Petr, J. (2016): Story of Bisphenol S – Steps from Bad to Worse. Anthropologia integra, 7(1), 7-12. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5817/AI2016-1-7

Klíčová slova

antropocén; endokrinní disruptory; bisfenol A; bisfenol S; politováníhodná náhrada

Plný Text:

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https://doi.org/10.5817/AI2016-1-7