Odhad výšky postavy z délky ruky: Testování transpopulačních metod

Pavlína Ingrová, Miroslav Králík, Věra Bártová, Martin Čuta, Pavel Grasgruber, Dominik Bokůvka

Abstrakt

Délka ruky je vhodným tělesným rozměrem pro odhad výšky postavy ve forenzní antropologii. Takový odhad výšky postavy je však vždy ohrožen populační specifitou běžně užívaných regresních rovnic vypočítaných metodou nejmenších čtverců. Na základě dříve publikovaných statistických parametrů (průměrné hodnoty délky ruky a výšky postavy, regresní koeficienty) z 87 publikovaných studií (212 populačních vzorků) jsme metodami průměrování regresních koeficientů a redukované hlavní osy vytvořili soubor nových transpopulačních rovnic pro odhad výšky postavy z délky ruky. Následně jsme ověřovali přesnost odhadů z těchto nových rovnic na pěti referenčních vzorcích z české, slovenské a bosenské populace a porovnali jejich výsledky s výsledky modelu metody nejmenších čtverců, vyvinuté na českém vzorku. Výsledky ukázaly, že navržené transpopulační rovnice nejsou vhodné pro odhad výšky postavy z délky ruky, pokud nejsou omezeny např. na geograficky užší populační skupinu (v naší studii Evropané slovanského původu). Principiálně obdobné konsekvence doporučujeme zvážit také u odhadů u délek kostí při hodnocení výšky postavy na základě forenzních nálezů skeletu.

Bibliografická citace

Ingrová, Pavlína – Králík, Miroslav – Bártová, Věra – Čuta, Martin – Grasgruber, Pavel – Borůvka, Dominik (2019): Stature Estimation from the Hand Length: Testing Cross-Population Methods. Anthropologia integra, 10(1), 7–31. https://doi.org/10.5817/AI2019-1-7

Klíčová slova

délka ruky; výška postavy; odhad výšky postavy; regresní rovnice; regresní metoda redukované hlavní osy; průměrné regresní koeficienty

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