Evropeizace programatiky bulharských a rumunských politických stran

Markéta Smrčková, Vít Hloušek


The article provides an analysis of the European Union’s influence on party manifestos of the main political parties in the two newest members of the EU, Bulgaria and Romania. The main goal of the paper is to demonstrate how the EU has influenced the ideology and programmatic schemes of political parties in Romania and Bulgaria. Two dimensions of party manifesto Europeanization are included: a quantitative analysis of the frequency of occurrence of “European” issues and a qualitative assessment of the contents of the parts devoted to the EU within the analyzed programs.

Bibliografická citace

Smrčková, M., & Hloušek, V. (2011). Evropeizace programatiky bulharských a rumunských politických stran. Středoevropské politické studie, 13(2–3), 110-134. Získáno z https://journals.muni.cz/cepsr/article/view/4548

Klíčová slova

Bulgaria; Europeanization; Political Parties; Programmatic Change; Romania

Plný Text:


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Pokud není uvedeno jinak, jsou elektronické zdroje aktuální ke dni 08. 02. 2011.

Volební programy
Ataka (2006): 20 Principi Dvizenie Ataka, Programna schema, politický program Ataka, on-line text , .
BSP (2008): Za Bulgarii, volební program BSP, on-line text .
DA (2004): Platforma de Guvernare, volební program DA, on-line text .
DPS (2009): Programna deklaracia Dvizhenie za prava i svobodi, politický program DPS, on-line text .
DSB (2009): Programni nasoki na DSB, politický program DSB, on-line text .
GERB (2009): Programa za Evropejsko razvitie na Bulharia, volební program GERB, on-line text .
NDSV (2009): Nacionalna Programa za Modernazija na Blgarskovo Obrazovanie, politický program NDSV, on-line text .
PD-L (2008): Un nou partid pentru o noua Romanie 2008, politický program PD-L, on-line text .
PNL-CD (2009): Statutul de Partidul National Liberal 2008, volební program PNL-CD, on-line text .
PRM (2008): Doctrina Nationala, politický program PRM, on-line text . [aktuální ke dni 15. 03. 2009]
PSD (2005): Statutul Partidului Social Democrat, politický program PSD, on-line text . [aktuální ke dni 30. 11. 2009]
PSD-PC (2008): 10 Angajamente pentru România, politický program PSD-PC, on-line text .
RZS (2009): Bulgaria na graždanite i rebonite, politický program RZS, on-line text .
SDS (2009): Političeska programa na Sjuza na Demokratčini, politický program SDS, on-line text .
UDMR (2000): Program Electoral pentru Alegeri parlamentare 2000, volební program UDMR, interní zdroj.
UDMR (2004): Programul UDMR pentru 2004, volební program UDMR, interní zdroj.
UDMR (2008): Împreuna pentru Transylvania (modernizare şi autonomie) – Programul electoral 2008, volební program UDMR, interní zdroj.

Volební výsledky
Evropské volby 2007, on-line zdroj .
Evropské volby 2009, on-line zdroj .
Parlamentní volby 1990–2000, prezidentské volby 1990–2000, on-line zdroj .
Parlamentní volby 2004, on-line zdroj .
Parlamentní volby 2008, on-line zdroj .
Prezidentské volby 2009, on-line zdroj .
Referendum o odstoupení prezidenta 2007, on-line zdroj .

Evropské volby 2007, on-line zdroj .
Evropské volby 2009, on-line zdroj .
Parlamentní volby 1990–2001, prezidentské volby 1990–2001, on-line zdroj .
Parlamentní volby 2005, on-line zdroj .
Parlamentní volby 2009, on-line zdroj .
Prezidentské volby 2006, on-line zdroj .

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Habersack, S. (2003): Romania – Special case – Corruption, Deficiencies of the Party System, Authoritarianism, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, on-line text .
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Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (2009): OSCE Parliamentary Elections in July 2009 in Bulgaria – Final Report, Varšava, Září 2009, on-line text .
Pop-Eleches, G. (2008): A Party for All Seasons: Electoral Adaptation of Romanian Communist Successor Parties, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol. XLI, No. 4, pp. 465-479, on-line text .
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Copyright (c) 2011 Markéta Smrčková, Vít Hloušek

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