Towards a More Inclusive Democracy

Peter Emerson


For reasons both historical and psychological, many have come to believe that ‘democracy is based upon a decision taken by the majority’. This basic principle has been subject to considerable abuse, as many politicians have interpreted it to turn what should have been pluralist debates into simple dichotomies: in 1804 France, for example, any sane and sober adult could have been a candidate for the post of Emperor, but the question was only ‘Napoleon, yes or no?’. Some of the other methodologies by which “the will of the people” can be determined are regarded by many social choice scientists as being more accurate, especially those multi-option preferential procedures in which all preferences cast by all voters are taken into account. After a brief historical note, this article offers a critique of majoritarianism before outlining that which could be the three-pronged basis of a more consensual polity, namely: multi-option preference voting in decision-making; multi-candidate preference voting in elections; and, as the basic system of inclusive governance, an elected all-party coalition government.

Bibliografická citace

Emerson, P. (2008). Towards a More Inclusive Democracy. Středoevropské politické studie, 10(2–3), 76-94. Získáno z

Klíčová slova

All-party coalition; Borda count (BC); Condorcet count; Conflict resolution; Consensus; General will; Inclusive democracy; Matrix vote; Modified Borda count (MBC); Participation; Peace process; Power-sharing and proportional representation;

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Copyright (c) 2008 Peter Emerson

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