Čečenská válka a ruská společnost

Emil Souleimanov, Karel Svoboda

Abstrakt

Since the beginning of the second Chechen war, Russia has experienced several shifts in domestic policy. From the very start of his presidency, Vladimir Putin pursued a policy of consolidating power while facing both the external and internal enemy represented by Chechen rebels. As a side effect, this has brought about an outburst of xenophobia and racism that has turned against all Caucasians. The antiterrorist campaign has had broad consequences, even outside the security field. The campaign, which was based on economic arguments, began with attacks on the media tycoons Vladimir Gusinskii and Boris Beresovskii, and was later widened to other selected oligarchs. Another set of changes brought about reforms to almost every aspect of state organization, including everything from the parliamentary electoral system to the local representative elections. Although it had been planned for a long time, the core of the reforms was enacted after the tragedy in Beslan in September 2004.

Bibliografická citace

Souleimanov, E., & Svoboda, K. (2006). Čečenská válka a ruská společnost. Středoevropské politické studie, 8(2–3), 136-165. Získáno z https://journals.muni.cz/cepsr/article/view/4174

Klíčová slova

Russia; Chechnya; internal policy; oligarchs; media; terrorism media; terrorism;-

Plný Text:

HTML

Reference

Zobrazit literaturu Skrýt literaturu

Achmadov, I. (2003): The Russian-Chechen Tragedy: The Way to Peace and Democracy, on-line: www.chechnya-mfa.info/ paper/en_text.pdf. [cit. 2. 6. 2006]
Analytičeskij matěrial, on-line: http://www.vibory.ru/ArxSobit/an_sl_050705.htm. [26. 5. 2006]
Andreju Babickomu ně dali vyletět v Beslan, 3. 9. 2004, on-line: www.hro.org/war/2004/09/03-7.php. [cit. 7. 6. 2006]
Bankovskij krizis vyšel na ulicu (2004), on-line: http://www.kommersant.ru/doc.html?docId=488196. [cit. 10. 6. 2006]
Centrální volební komise (2006), on-line: http://www.cikrf.ru/_3/zakon/zakon51_180505/GLAVA_11.htm. [cit. 26. 5. 2006]
Dmitrij Vladimirov podle listu Rossijskaja gazěta (2005).
Echo Moskvy (2006), on-line: http://www.echo.msk.ru/news/297474.html. [cit. 25. 5. 2006]
Freedom House (2006), on-line: http://www.freedomhouse.org/uploads/pdf/Charts2006.pdf. [cit. 26. 5. 2006]
Gazprom – Godovoj otčet 2005, on-line: http://www.gazprom.ru/documents/Annual_Report_Rus_2005.pdf. [cit. 30. 5. 2006]
Changes to Electoral Law, on-line: http://www.russiavotes.org/electorallawchange3.htm. [cit. 3. 6. 2006]
Illarionov, A. (2006): Drugaja strana, Kommersant № 10 (№ 3341), on-line: http://www.kommersant.ru/doc.html? docId= 642781. [cit. 10. 6. 2006]
Jabloko (2003): On the Threat to Freedom of Speech in Russia, on-line: http://www.eng.yabloko.ru/Activities/statement_ 270203.html. [cit. 6. 6. 2006]
Kto i kak prinimal rešenija v Beslaně? Novaja gazěta, 14. 4. 2005, on-line: http://2005.novayagazeta.ru/nomer/2005/ 27n/n27n-s00.shtml. [cit. 28. 5. 2006]
Maschadov, A. (2005): Moj pryzyv obraščen k preziděntu Rossii, Kommersant, 7. 2. 2005, on-line: http://www.kommersant.ru/doc.html?docId=545159. [cit. 25. 5. 2006]
Mc Faul m. (2005): Koněc partněrstva, Kommersant, on-line: http://www.kommersant.ru/doc-y.html?docId= 672158&issueId=30091. [cit. 24. 5. 2006]
Mitrochin, S. (2004): Nělzja pokušaťsja na konstituciju, on-line: http://www.hro.org/editions/voit/2004/09/14-1.php. [cit. 4. 6. 2006]
Monaghan, E. (2002): U.S. urges Russia to keep embattled TV6 on air, on-line: http://www.cdi.org/russia/johnson/ 6013-1.cfm. [cit.19. 6. 2006]
Moskovskije novosti, 2. 11. 2002, on-line: http://www.mn.ru/issue.php?2002-11-2. [cit. 23. 5. 2006]
N. Petrov (2006): Obšestvennaja Palata-Dlja vlasti ili dlja obščestva? Pro et Contra leden-únor 2006.
Na čji děňgi priobrela Rosněfť Juganskněftěgaz, Promyšlennyje novosti, září 2005, on-line: http://pv.derrick.ru/articles/ article.phtml?id=572&nomer=22. [cit. 26. 5. 2006]
NTV Osnovnoj instinkt (Základní instinkt) ze dne 22. září 2000, online: http://www.newsru.com/russia/23Sep2000/ glas2.html.
Obšestvennaja palata Rossiijskoj Feděracii, on-line: http://www.oprf.ru/rus/members/. [cit. 3. 6. 2006]
Orchan Džemal, Novaja gazěta, 29. 1. 2004.
Ot antioligarchičeskoj kampanii k antikorrupcionnoj politike, on-line: http://www.politcom.ru/article.php?id=2831.[cit. 2. 6. 2006]
People from “London” Buy Yugansk, Kommersant, 8. 2. 2005, on-line: http://www.kommersant.com/page.asp?id= 534631. [cit. 4. 6. 2006]
Petrov, N. (2006): Naznačenija gubernatorov: Itogi pěrvogo goda, Carnegie briefing duben 2006, vydání 3, číslo 8, on-line: http://www.carnegie.ru/ru/pubs/briefings/Briefing-2006-03-web2.pdf. [cit. 2. 6. 2006]
Poslě Beslana v Rossijskom obščestve rezko vyros gradus etnonacionaľnoj netěrpimosti, 3. 1. 2005, on-line: http://terralegis.ametistov.ru/terra/news/archive/2005010301.shtml. [cit. 3. 6. 206]
Program „hlas národa“, 22. 9. 2000, on-line: http://www.newsru.com/russia/23Sep2000/glas2.html. [cit. 4. 6. 2006]
Putin, V. V. (2004): Važnějšim faktorom ukreplenija gosudarstva sčitaju jedinstvo systěmy ispolnitělnoj vlasti v straně, on-line: www.kreml.org/other/65581509. [cit. 4. 6. 2006]
Putin Vetoes Antiterror Measures, November 25 2002, on-line: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/media/media_watch/ july-dec02/putin_11-25.html. [cit. 3. 6. 2006]
Report on Russian Media Coverage of the Beslan Tragedy: Access to Information and Journalists‘ Working. 16 September 2004, on-line: http://www.osce.org/documents/rfm/2004/09/ 3586_en.pdf. [cit. 5. 6. 2006]
Rjadovoj Syčev pomog vspomniť o tragedijach slučivšichsja s drugimi soldatami, on-line: http://2006.novayagazeta.ru/nomer/ 2006/08n/n08n-s11.shtml. [cit. 26. 5. 2006]
Rusko po Beslanu, on-line: http://www.hrw.org/russian/press/russia/2004/220904_beslan.html. [cit. 3. 6. 2006]
Ruskovodstvo OAO RŽD i Gazprombanka oprověrgaet informaciju, on-line: http://www.rg.ru/2006/04/20/kommersant-anons.html. [cit. 19. 6. 2006]
Stanovaja, T. (2006a): Reč Čejni – Kto adresat?, on-line: http://www.politcom.ru/article.php?id=2680. [cit. 6. 6. 2006]
Stanovaja, T. (2006b): Glupyje angličaně pod rossijskim prikritiem, 26. 1. 2006, on-line: http://www.politcom.ru/ article.php?id=2094. [cit. 6. 6. 2006]
State Department Noon Briefing, on-line: http://usinfo.state.gov/eur/Archive/2004/Dec/20-88093.html. [cit. 28. 5. 2006]
Timing out Dissent?, Washington Post, 24. 6. 2003, on-line: www.cdi.org/russia/johnson/7238-8.cfm. [cit.4. 6. 2006]
Ukaz preziděnta ot 27 děkabrja 2004, on-line: http://law.park.ru/day.parkru?d=2&m=01&y=2005. [cit.28. 5. 2006]
Urnov M. – Kasaamara V. (2005): Sovremennaja Rossia – Vyzovy i otvěty, Moskva.
Ustinov predložil brať v zalozhniki rodstvennikov těrroristov, 29. 10. 2004, on-line: http://www.lenta.ru/terror/2004/10/ 29/ustinov/. [cit. 15. 6. 2006]
V našich strěljajut avtomaty OON? Arguměnty i fakty, No 12 (1273), 23. března 2005, on-line: http://www.aif.ru/ online/aif/1273/14_01. [cit. 26. 5. 2006]
Výbor vojenských matek, on-line: http://ucsmr.ru/. [cit. 1. 6. 2006].
What is Postrtraumatic stress disorder?, on-line: http://www.ncptsd.org/facts/general/fs_what_is_ptsd.html. [cit. 1. 6. 2006]
Will TV-6 Go Out With a Bang or a Whimper? In: RFE/RL Russian Political Weekly, 10. 11. 2001, on-line: www.eng.yabloko.ru/Publ/ 2004/documents/040708_statement.html.
Zaključenije ekspertov 23. 12, 2005, on-line: http://www.genproc.gov.ru/img/uploaded/zakluchenie_27.12.doc. [cit. 10. 6. 2006]
Zakon o někommerčeskich organizaciach, on-line: http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=LAW; n=57720. [cit. 8. 6. 2006]

Elektronické zdroje

www.newsru.com.
www.vesti.ru
www.Grani.ru
www.politcom.ru
www.ng.ru
http://baikalfinance.ru/
www.echo.msk.ru

Periodika

Nězavisimaja gazeta
New York Times
Moskovskije novosti
Komsomolskaja pravda
Novaja gazěta
Rossijskaja gazěta
Washington Post



Copyright (c) 2006 Emil Souleimanov, Karel Svoboda

Creative Commons License
Tato práce je licencována pod licencí Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.