Možnosti aplikácie konceptu catch-all strany v priestore strednej a východnej Európy – prípad Občianskej demokratickej strany


The following paper focuses on the theoretical concept of the catch-all party developed by Kirchheimer and examines possibilities of its application in analyses of the political parties in the new Central-East European democracies. The paper is the case study of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS). Through detailed analyses of the two core elements of the original catch-all party concept – intra-party organisation and character of the ideological appeal – article questions the scientific adequacy of frequent labelling of ODS as catch-all party. The argument points out that neither intra-organisational processes, nor ideological shifts of ODS provide a clear picture of the catch-all party. The case of ODS seems to be much more complex. Moreover, the paper points out that frequent usage of the catch-all label in the case of ODS is misleading also from a methodological point of view. Critique reveals that these works loose original concept too much. They ignore that theoretical concepts of all party types were designed for relatively long periods of time and should not be used as contingent categories describing a year or two in the party life. Paper is concluded with the proposition that analyses of political parties in Central-East Europe need complex revision of existing theoretical party types or development of the new ones based on detailed and precise case studies of individual parties in the region.

Klíčová slova:
political parties; party models; catch-all party; party organisation; ODS

Bakke, A. – Sitter, N. (2002): Beyond Transition and Consolidation: Institutions, Cleavages and Party Systems in Central Europe, on-line text: ( nopsa/arbejdsgruppe6/sitter.pdf).
Biezen, I. (2000): On the internal balance of power, Party Politics, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 395-417.
Biezen, I. (2003): Patterns of Party Organization in New Democracies: A Comaprative Assessment of Southern and East-Central Europe, on-line text: ( 00000002/art00053).
Fiala, P. – Hloušek, V. (2003): Stranický systém ČR, in: Fiala, P. - Herbut, R. – Strmiska, M. (eds. 2003): Středoevropské systémy politických stran. Brno, MPÚ, pp. 13-54.
Hadjiisky, M. (2001): The Failure of the Participatory Democracy in the Czech Republic, West European Politics, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 43-64.
Hanley, S. (1999): The New Right in the New Europe? Unravelling the ideology of „Czech Thatcherism“, Journal of Political Ideologies, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 163-189.
Hanley, S. (2001)? Are the Exceptions Really the Rule?Questioning the Application of „Electoral –Professional“Type Models of Party Organisation in East Central Europe, Perspectives on European Politics and Society, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 453-479.
Hanley, S. (2004) Blue Velvet: Rise and Decline of the New Czech Right, Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, Vol. 20, No.3, pp. 28-54.
Hloušek, V. (2000): Konfliktní linie v “postkomunistických” systémech politických stran, Politologický časopis. Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 373-395.
Hloušek, V. – Kopeček, L. (2004): Konfliktní demokracie, Brno, MPÚ.
Innes, A. (2002): The Changing Power of the State in Eastern Europe, Paper presented at the ECPR Workshop ‘Enlargement and European Governance’, Turin, 22-27, March 2002, on-line text (
Jarmara, T. (2002): Analýza politických stran v ČR z hlediska teorie Catch-All Party, on- line text: ( Politologica1/Politologica3.pdf).
Katz, R. – Mair, P. (1995): Chanching Models of Party Organization and Party Democracy: The Emergence of the Cartel Party, Party Politics, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 5-28.
Kirchheimer, O. (1966): The Catch-all Party, In: Mair, P. (ed. 1990): The West European Party System, Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 50-60.
Kitschelt, H. – Mansfeldová, Z. – Markowski, R. – Tóka, G. (1999): Post-Communist Party systems, Competition, Representation and Inter-Party Cooperation, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Klíma, M. (1996b): „Catch-all“ strany O. Kirchheimera, Politologický časopis, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp.225-234.
Klíma, M. (2004): Problémy pravice, problémy ODS, Politologický časopis, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 393-411.
Kopecky, P. (1996): Politické strany v českém Parlamentu (1992 – 1996): organizace, chování, vplyv, Sociologický časopis, Vol. 32, No. 4, pp. 439-456.
Krause, D. K. (2000a): The View from the Floor: Deputy perceptions of institutionalization, Professionalization and Party Development in the Czech Parliament, 1993 – 1998, Paper prepared for the Western Political Science Association Annual Meeting, March 25, 2000, San Jose, California, on-line text ( krause).
Krause, D. K. (2000b): Accountability and Party competition in Slovakia and the Czech Republic, Department of Government Notre Dame, Notre Dame, on-line text (
Kubát, M. (2000): Česká pravice z pohledu politické vědy, In: Fiala, P. – Mikš, F. (eds. 2000): Česká konzervativní a liberální politika, Brno, Proglas, pp. 86-106.
Kunc, J.(2000): Stranické systémy v re/konstrukci, Sociologické nakladatelství, Praha.
Linek, L. – Rakušanová, P. (2002): Parties in the Parliament. Why, When and How do Parties Act in Unity?, Praha, Sociologický ústav Akademie věd České republiky.
Lipset, S. M. – Rokkan, R. (1967): Cleavage structure, party system and voter alignments. Introduction, In: Mair, P. (ed. 1990): The West European party system, Oxford, Oxford University press, , 1990, pp. 91-138.
Mair, P. (1997): What is different about Post-communist Party systems, In: Mair, P. (ed.): Party system change: Aproaches and Interpretations, Oxford, Claredon Press, pp. 175-198.
Machonin, P. – Tuček, M. (2002): Zrod a další vývoj nových elit v České republice: od konce osmdesátých let 20. století do jara 2002, Praha, Sociologický ústav Akademie věd České republiky.
Matejů, P. – Vlachová, K. (1997): Krystalizace politického spektra a faktory působící na volební rozhodování v České republice, Sociální trendy – pracovní texty 8/1997.
Olson, David M. (1998) Party formation and party system consolidation in the new democracies of central Europe, Political Studies, Vol. 46, No 3.
Pečinka, B. (2000): Formování české občanské pravice, In: Fiala, P. – Mikš, F. (eds. 2000): Česká konzervativní a liberální politika, Brno, Proglas, pp. 69-85.
Pšeja, P. (2004a): Občanské fórum jako katalysátor vývoje stranického systému ČR, Politologický časopis, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 316-327.
Pšeja, P. (2004b): Občanská demokratická strana jako hlavní „dědic“ OF a „agens“ stranického systému ČR (1991 – 1998), Politologický časopis, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 453-472.
Rommele, A. (1999): Cleavage Structures and Party Systems in East and Central Europe, In: Lawson, K. (ed. 1999): Cleavages, Parties and Voters, The Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Romania, London, Praeger Westport, pp. 3-18.
Shabad, G. – Slomczynski, M. K. (2004): Inter-Party Mobility among Parliamentary Candidates in Post-Communist East Central Europe, Party Politics, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 151-176.
Sitter, N. (2002): Cleavages, Party Strategy and Party System Change in Europe, East and West, In:Perspectives on European Politics and Society, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 425-451.
Šimíček, V. (1999): Normativní aspekty členství v politických stranách, Politologický časopis, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 233-248.
Šimíček, V. (1996): Vnitřní „život“ politických stran, Politologický časopis, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 105-121.
Vlachová, K. (2002): Politický prostor ČR a místo, jaké v něm zaujímají voliči, on-line text: (





PDF views


HTML views