Compositional Proportionality among European Political Parties at European Parliament Elections

Friedrich Pukelsheim

Abstrakt

A new method is proposed for the apportionment of seats in the European Parliament among political parties at European level: compositional proportionality. Compositional proportionality achieves two goals. Firstly, it safeguards the composition of the European Parliament, that is, it realizes the preordained allocation of seats between the Member States. Secondly, it apportions the subset of seats to which it applies proportionally to unionwide vote totals, that is, it reflects the political division of the Union citizens according to the motto “one person–one vote”. Compositional proportionality is demonstrated using the data of the 2014 elections. However, since past elections were contested by domestic parties rather than by European parties, the unionwide vote totals of those domestic parties who joined the same political group in the 2014 European Parliament are hypothetically substituted for the non-existing vote totals of political parties at European level.

Bibliografická citace

Pukelsheim, F. (2018). Compositional Proportionality among European Political Parties at European Parliament Elections. Středoevropské politické studie, 20(1), 1-15. Získáno z https://journals.muni.cz/cepsr/article/view/10381

Klíčová slova

Composition of the European Parliament; Degressive Representation; Political Parties at European Level; Transnational Lists; Double Proportionality

Plný Text:

HTML (English)

Reference

Zobrazit literaturu Skrýt literaturu

Bol, Damien, Philipp Harfst, André Blais, Sona N. Golder, Jean-François Laslier, Laura B. Stephen­son and Karine Van der Straeten (2016): “Addressing Europe's democratic deficit: An experimen­tal evaluation of the pan-European district proposal.” European Union Politics 17: 525–45. DOI: 10.1177/1465116516630151

Camps, Rosa and Xavier Mora (2018): “Proporcionalitat i equalització territorial: El sistema bipro­porcional.” (http://blogs.uab.cat/arselectionis/2018/03/14/).

Cartlidge, Edwin (2018): “There's a fairer way to allot seats in the European Parliament, mathe­maticians say–but politicians don't like it.” Science (www.sciencemag.org/ news/2018/03/there-s-fairer-way-allot-seats-european-parliament-mathematicians-say-politicians-don-t).

Duff, Andrew (2011): Report (A7-0176/2011, 28.7.2011) on a Proposal for a Modification of the Act Concerning the Election of the Members of the European Parliament by Direct Universal Suffrage of 20 September 1976 (2009/2134(INI)). Committee on Constitutional Affairs of the European Parliament, PE 440.210v04-00 (www.uni-augsburg.de/bazi/Duff2011.pdf).

Duff, Andrew (2018): “EU Leaders’ agenda: Who’s afraid of reforms?” (https://verfassungsblog.de/eu-leaders-agenda-whos-afraid-of-reforms/).

European Commission for Democracy through Law (2003): “Code of Good Practice in Electoral Matters–Guidelines and Explanatory Report.” Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 52nd session, 18–19 October 2002. Strasbourg (www.uni-augsburg.de/bazi/CDL-AD_2002_023rev-e.pdf).

European Parliament (2008): “Composition of the European Parliament. Resolution of 11 October 2007 on the composition of the European Parliament (2007/2169(INI)).” Official Journal of the Eu­ropean Union C 227 E (4.9.2008): 132–138 (www.uni-augsburg.de/bazi/OJ/2008C227Ep132.pdf).

European Parliament (2014): “Regulation (EU, EURATOM) No 1141/2014 of the European Par­liament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the statute and funding of European political parties and European political foundations.” Official Journal of the European Union L 317 (4.11.2014): 1–27 (www.uni-augsburg.de/bazi/OJ/ 2014L317p1.pdf).

European Parliament (2018): Composition of the European Parliament. European Parliament Resolution 2017/2054(INL)-2017/0900(NLE). P8_TA-PROV(2018)0029, 7 February 2018 (www.uni-augsburg.de/pukelsheim/2017Brussels/EP-resolution-2018-02-07.pdf).

European Union (2012): “Consolidated version of the Treaty on European Union.” Official Journal of the European Union C 326 (26.10.2012): 13–45 (www.uni-augsburg.de/bazi/OJ/2012C326p13.pdf).

Hübner, Danuta Maria and Pedro Silva Pereira (2018): Report on the Composition of the European Parliament (2017/2054(INL) - 2017/0900(NLE)). Committee on Constitutional Affairs of the European Parliament, PE 608.038v02-00

(www.uni-augsburg.de/pukelsheim/2017Brussels/HuebnerSilvaPereira2018.pdf).

Jouvenat, Pierre (2016a): “Fédéraliser les parties politiques d’Europe.” Note de reflexion, Union of European Federalists (www.uef.fr/federaliser-les-partis-politiques-d-europe).

Jouvenat, Pierre (2016b): “Federalizing political parties in Europe. Towards a single party for each political family.” The Federalist Debate 29: 19–23 (www.federalist-debate.org/ index.php/component/k2/item/1045).

Laslier, Jean-François, André Blais, Damien Bol, Sona N. Golder, Philipp Harfst, Laura B. Stephen­son and Karine Van der Straeten (2015): “The EuroVotePlus experiment.” European Union Politics 16: 601–615. DOI: 10.1177/1465116515580180

Leinen, Jo and Fabian Pescher (2014): “Von Parteibündnissen zu 'echten Parteien' auf euro­päi­scher Ebene? Hintergrund, Gegenstand und Folgen der neuen Regeln für Europäische Parteien.” Inte­gration – Vierteljahreszeitschrift des Instituts für Europäische Politik in Zusammen­arbeit mit dem Arbeitskreis Europäische Integration 37: 228–246.

Oelbermann, Kai-Friederike and Friedrich Pukelsheim (2015): “European elections 2014. From voters to representatives, in twenty-eight ways.” Evropská volební studia – European Electoral Studies 10: 91–124 (www.uni-augsburg.de/pukelsheim/2015e.pdf).

Pukelsheim, Friedrich (2017): Proportional Representation – Apportionment Methods and Their Applications. With a Foreword by Andrew Duff MEP. Second Edition. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Pukelsheim, Friedrich and Geoffrey Grimmett (2018): “Degressive representation of Member States in the European Parliament 2019–2024.” Forthcoming in Representation – Journal of Representative Democracy 54, 147–158 (www.uni-augsburg.de/pukelsheim/ 2018b.pdf).

Pukelsheim, Friedrich and Kai-Friederike Oelbermann (2014): “Reform of the European electoral law.” Zeitschrift für Staats- und Europawissenschaften – Journal for comparative Government and European policy 12: 549–559 (www.uni-augsburg.de/pukelsheim/ 2014d.pdf).

Pukelsheim, Friedrich and Christian Schuhmacher (2011): “Doppelproporz bei Parlamentswahlen – ein Rück- und Ausblick.” Aktuelle Juristische Praxis – Pratique Juridique Actuelle 20: 1581–1599 (www.uni-augsburg.de/pukelsheim/2011e.pdf).



Copyright (c) 2018 Friedrich Pukelsheim

Creative Commons License
Tato práce je licencována pod licencí Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.