Stav současných vědeckých poznatků o Pirahã

Co je známo a co by se mohlo v budoucnu zkoumat?

Roč.14,č.2(2023)
Anthropologia integra

Abstrakt

Tento článek je zaměřen na stav současných vědeckých poznatků o Pirahã, izolované brazilské etnické skupině. Cílem článku je předložit návrhy na budoucí výzkum, který by mohl přispět k rozšíření znalostí o Pirahã, a poukázat na související etické otázky. Z tohoto důvodu byl provedena systematická literární rešerše odborných článků publikovaných v letech 2018 až 2023, které jsou indexovány na Web of Science. Tímto způsobem bylo nalezeno 26 relevantních článků. Dále byla v programu Atlas.ti provedena obsahová analýza 17 vědeckých článků vybraných podle vyřazovacích kritérií. Vytvořené kategorie (celkem 4), spojené s publikacemi interpretovanými v tomto textu, se obecně týkají jazyka a společnosti Pirahã, specificky pak numerické kognice a rekurze. Tyto kategorie odkazují na nejdiskutovanější témata v současných vědeckých publikacích o Pirahã a představují témata pro budoucí výzkum.


Klíčová slova:
Pirahã; Brazílie; Amazonie; jazyk; společnost; numerická kognice; rekurze
Biografie autora

Miroslav Horák

Ústav jazykových a kulturních studiíFakulta regionálního rozvoje a mezinárodních studiíMendelova univerzita v Brně

vedoucí ústavu

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