Identification And Comparison Of Body Composition In Elite Judo Players



The authors present a higher percentage of fat free mass and a lower percentage of fat mass when examined by hydrodensitometry in elite judo athletes. The difference in both indicators of body composition between both examined groups was significant (p<0.05); however, we may see a better predisposition to sport performance in seniors when compared to juniors. The examination of body composition is important in terms of a sport performance predictor, as well as for monitoring changes while reducing weight. The form of reduction and individual limits of body weight remain the matter of further research. The method used was hydrodensitometry, which appears to be a very exact method when disturbing factors, participants learning phase, expiration and scales oscillation are eliminated. The measured low proportion of fat mass indicates a discussion about equations for calculation of total fat mass in the body and their modification and assessment of particular parameters or indicators.

hydrodensitometry; weight control; fat mass; lean body mass

ARTIOLI, G.G., IGLESIAS, R.T., FRANCHINI, E., GUALANO, B., KASHIWAGURA, D.B., SOLIS,M.Y., BENATTI, F.B., FUCHS, M., JUNIOR, A.H.L. (2010). Rapid weight loss followed by recovery time does not aff ect judo-related performance. Journal of Sport Sciences, 28(1), 21 -32.

ANDREOLI, A., MELCHIORRI, G., BROZZI, M., DI MARCO, A., VOLPE, S.L., GAROFANO, P.,DIDANIELE, N. & DE LORENZO, A. (2003). Eff ect of diff erent sports on body cell mass in highlytrained athletes. Acta Diabetol, 40, 122-125.

BAKER, J,S. DAVIES, B. (2006). Variation in resistive force selection during brief high intensitycycle ergometry: Implication for power assessment and production in elite karate practitioners. Journal of Sport Science and Medicine, 5, 42-46.

BROŽEK, J.F., GRANDE, F., ANDERSON, J.T., KEYS, A. (1963). Densitometric analysis of Body Composition: Revision of Some Quantitative Assumptions. Ann NY Acad Sci 110, 113–140.

CLAESSENS, A., BEUNEN, G., WELLENS, R., GELDOF, G. (1987). Konstitutionstyp und Körperzusammensetzung von Judoka der Weltklasse. Th e J Sports Med Phys Fitness 27(1), 105-113.

COHEN, J. (1988). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Science (2nd ed.). Hillsdale (NJ): Erlbaum.

COLLAZOS, J.F.R., MARRODÁN, M.D., REMODERO, E.G. (1996). Cineanthropometric Study in Spanish Judoists. International Journal of Anthropology, 11 (1), 11–19.

FARMOSI, I. (1980). Body-composition, somatotype and some motor performance of judoists. Th e Journal of Sports Medicin and Physical Fitness, 20 (4), 431–434.

FORBES, G.B.(1987). Human body composition. Springer Verlag, 1987, New York.

HEYWARD, V., STOLARZYK, L. (1996). Applied Body Composition Assessment. United States: Human Kinetics, Champaign.

HOUTKOOPER, L.B., GOING, S.B., LOHMAN, T.G., ROCHE, A.F., VAN LOAN, M. (1992). Bioelectrical impedance estimation of fat free body mass in children and youth: a cross validation study. J Appl Physiol,72, 366–373.

KINKOROVÁ, I., HELLER, J., VODIČKA, P. (2009). Kineziologický a funkční profi l zápasníků a zápasnic taekwondo wtf. Česká kinantropologie, 13(3), 129-133.

LOHMAN, T.G. (1992). Advances in Body Composition Assessment. United States: Human Kinetics,Champaign.

MALÁ, L., MALÝ, T., ZÁHÁLKA, F. (2008), Profi l telesného zloženia juniorských reprezentantov v jude.Česká kinantropologie 3, 94-103.

MELROSE, D.R., SPANIOL, F.J., BOHLING, M.E. (2007). Physiological and Performance Characteristics of Adolescent Club Volleyball Players. Journal of strength and conditioning research: the research journal of the NSCA, 21(2), 481-486.

OHTA, S., NAKAJI, S., SUZUKI, K., TOTSUKA, M., UMEDA, T., SUGAWARA, K. (2002). Depressed humoral immunity aft er weight reduction in competitive judoists, Luminescence, 17, 150–157.

ORGAN, L.W., EKLUND, A.D., LEDBETTER, J.D. (1994). An automated real time underwater weighing system. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 26(3), 383–391.

PAŘÍZKOVÁ, J. (1959). Sledování rozvoje aktivní tělesné hmoty u dospívajúcí mládeže metodou hydrostatického vážení. Čs fysiol, 8, 426–427.

PIRLICH, M., BIERING, H., GERL, H.G., VENTZ, M., SCHMIDT, B., ERTL, S., LOCHS, H. (2002). Loss of body cell mass in Cushing´s syndrome: eff ect of treatment. J Clin Endocrinol Metab,87, 1078-1084.

PROTEAU, S., PELLE, A., COLLOMP, K., BENHAMOU, L., COURTEIX, D. (2006). Bone Density in Elite Judoists and Eff ects of Weight Cycling on Bone Metabolic Balance. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 38(4),694–700.

RANSONE, J., HUGHEST, B. (2004). Body-Weight Fluctuation in Collegiate Wrestlers:Implications of the National Collegiate Athletic Association Weight-Certifi cation Program. Journal of Athletic Training, 39(2), 162–168.

REILLY, T. (1996). Fitness assessment. In T.REILLY (Ed.), Science and Soccer (pp. 25-50). London: E &FN Spon.

SIRI, S.E. (1961). Body composition from fl uid spaces and density: analysis of methods. Nutrition, 9(5),480-91.

WENOS, D.L., AMATO, H.K. (1998). Weight cycling alters muscular strength and endurance, ratings of perceived exertion, and total body water in college wrestlers. Percept Mot Skills, 87 (3 pt 1), 975–978.



Crossref logo





PDF (Čeština) views