Influence Of Taijiquan On Autonomous Regulation At Students Of Masaryk University

Titus Ondruška, Jan Novotný

Abstract

Taijiquan has been scientifically studied from many points of view on its positive influence on human health. Taiji is an acceptable form of aerobic exercise for middle age and old people. Taiji as a form of exercise is beneficial for general improvement of motor function in seniors. There is a connection between Taiji and balance control of older people who have suffered falls. The influence of taiji practises on the quality of sleep for people with sleep disturbances. There have been many trials and experiments that have specialised on the positive effect of taijiquan on the heart function (for example taiji and its harmonising effect on blood pressure) and it is understood that an experiment focusing on the connection of taiji practise and autonomous regulation of heart function. It was attempted to prove that a year-long practise of a particular form of taiji would have the effect on the autonomous regulation of the heart. Especially on higher activity of parasympathetic system – vagus nerve. This effect has been proved by Väänänen et al, 2002 at the level of short-time change. We have used system VariaCardio TF-4 with telemetric transmission of the pulse rate able to measure and analyse spectral analysis of heart rate variability. Participants were 32 Masaryk university students aged between 19 and 25. The data collected did not disapprove the hypothesis of the influence of taijiquan practise on the activity of vagus nerve. Therefore, this paper successfully proves the effect of taiji on heart regulations even at young people. These findings can support the idea of using taiji as an effective and at the same time available form of training of cardiovascular system of people suffering from diseases of this kind.

Keywords

taijiquan; heart rate variability; vagotony; movement and health

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