Rámce a roviny krivých obvinení zo sexuálneho zneužívania detí

Roč.26,č.3(2018)

Abstrakt
Štúdia sa venuje otázke výskytu sexuálneho zneužívania detí (CSA) a problému latencie. Upozorňuje, že pri úsilí o identifikáciu prípadov CSA hrozí dvojaké riziko mylných záverov (mylne pozitívne a mylne negatívne závery). Zdôrazňuje, že nepodložené a nepravdivé obvinenia nie sú synonymom krivých obvinení a ponúka prierez teoretickým modelom ciest k nepravdivým obvineniam z CSA. Sumarizuje výsledky a limity zahraničných výskumov o výskyte krivých obvinení z CSA. Objasňuje prečo profesionálna skúsenosť ani systematické metódy posudzovania vierohodnosti výpovede nie sú spoľahlivými nástrojmi na odhalenie krivých obvinení z CSA. Pobáda k obozretnosti pred trúfalými tvrdeniami o výskyte krivých obvinení z CSA.

Klíčová slova:
Sexuálne zneužívanie detí (CSA); krivé obvinenia; nepravdivé obvinenia.

Stránky:
419–452
Reference

AMADO, Bárbara G., Ramón ARCE a Francisca FARIÑA. Undeutsch hypothesis and Criteria Based Content Analysis: A meta-analytic review. The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, 2015, roč. 7, č. 1, s. 3–12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpal.2014.11.002

AWAD, George A. a Hanna McDONOUGH, H. Therapeutic management of sexual abuse allegations in custody and visitation disputes. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 1991, roč. 45, č. 1, s. 113–123. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.psychotherapy.1991.45.1.113

BARLOW, M. Rose, Kathy PEZDEK, K. a Iris BLANDÓN-GITLIN, K. Trauma and Memory. In: GOLD, Steven N. (Ed.). APA handbooks in psychology. APA handbook of trauma psychology: Foundations in knowledge. Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association, 2017, s. 307–331. ISBN 978-1-4338-2653-5.

BARTH, Jürgen, Lilian BERMETZ, Eva HEIM, Sven TRELLE a Thomy TONIA. The current prevalence of child sexual abuse worldwide: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Public Health, 2013, roč. 58, č. 3, s. 469-483.

BENEDEK, Elissa P. a Diane H. SCHETKY. Allegations of sexual abuse in child custody and visitation disputes. In: SCHETKY, Diane H. a Elissa P. BENEDEK (Eds.). Emerging issues in child psychiatry and the law. New York, NY: Brunner/Mazel, 1985, s. 145–156, ISBN 978-0876303931.

BERENSON, Abbey B., Mariam R. CHACKO a Constance M. WIEMANN. A case-control study of anatomic changes resulting from sexual abuse. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2000, roč. 182, č. 4, s. 820–834. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-9378(00)70331-0

BLACK, Fiona A., Robert D. SCHWEITZER a Frank T. VARGHESE. Allegations of child sexual abuse in family court cases: A qualitative analysis of psychiatric evidence. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 2012, roč. 19, č. 4, s. 482–496. https://doi.org/10.1080/13218719.2011.613905

BOLEN, Rebecca Morris. Child Sexual Abuse: Its Scope and Our Failure. New York: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001, 306 s. ISBN 0-306-46576-0.

BRACKMANN, Nathalie, Henry OTGAAR, Melanie SAUERLAND a Marko JELICIC. When children are the least vulnerable to false memories: a true report or a case of autosuggestion? Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2016, roč. 61, č. S1, s. S271–S275. https://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.12926

BRADLEY, April R, John-Paul LEGERSKI, Katie THOMAS. a Kristin E. MATSON. Truth, Lies, and Recantation. In: O’DONOHUE, William T. a Matthew FANETTI (eds.), Forensic Interviews Regarding Child Sexual Abuse: A Guide to Evidence-Based Practice. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2016, s. 293–305. ISBN 978-3-319-21097-1.

BRAINERD, Charles J. Developmental reversals in false memory: A new look at the reliability of children’s evidence. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 2013, roč. 22, č. 5, s. 335–341. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721413484468

BRESCO DE LUNA, Ignacio. From Mind to Context, from Accuracy to Meaning. Exploring the Grammar of Remembering as a Socially Situated Act. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 2016, roč. 50, č. 2, s. 320–332. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-016-9345-7

BREWIN, Chris R. a Bernice ANDREWS, B. Creating Memories for False Autobiographical Events in Childhood: A Systematic Review. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2017, roč. 31, č. 1, s. 2–23. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3220

BRIDGES, Ana J., David FAUST a David C. AHERN. Methods for the Identification of Sexually Abused Children: Reframing the Clinician’s Task and Recognizing Its Disparity with Research on Indicators. In: KUEHNLE Kathryn a Mary CONNELL (eds.) The evaluation of child sexual abuse allegations: a comprehensive guide to assessment and testimony. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009, s. 21–47, ISBN 978-0470288603.

BROWN, Steven D. a Paula REAVEY. False memories and real epistemic problems. Culture & Psychology, 2017, roč. 23, č. 2, s. 171–185.

BROWN, Thea, Margartia FREDERICO, Lesley HEWITT a Rosemary SHEEHAN. Revealing the Existence of Child Abuse in the Context of Marital Breakdown and Custody and Access Disputes. Child Abuse & Neglect, 2000, roč. 24, č. 6, s. 849–859. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134(00)00140-X

BROWNE, Kevin D. Assessing the Sexually Abused Child as a Witness. In: BROWNE, Kevin D., Anthony R. BEECH, Leam A. CRAIG a Shihning CHOU (eds.). Assessments in Forensic Practice: A Handbook. Chichester, West Sussex, UK; Malden, MA, USA: John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2017, s. 333–353. ISBN 9781118314531.

BURDA, Eduard, Jozef ČENTÉŠ, Juraj KOLESÁR, Jozef ZÁHORA, J. et al. Trestný zákon. Osobitná časť. Komentár. II. diel. 1. vyd. Praha: C. H. Beck. 2011, 1616 s. ISBN 9788074003943.

BURNETT, Ros (ed.). Wrongful Allegations of Sexual and Child Abuse. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2016, 328 s. ISBN 9780198723301.

BURNETT, Ros. Reducing the Incidence and Harms of Wrongful Allegations of Abuse. In: BURNETT, Ros (ed.). Wrongful Allegations of Sexual and Child Abuse. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2016, s. 282–296. ISBN 9780198723301

COSSINS, Anne. Prosecuting Child Sexual Assault Cases: Are vulnerable witness protections enough? Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 2006, roč. 18, č. 2, s. 299–317.

CYR, Mireille a Guy BRUNEAU. False Allegations of Child Sexual Abuse. INSPQ, Centre de expertise et de référence en santé publique. Gouvernement du Québec [online]. 2012. [cit. 2018-02-12] Dostupné z: https://www.inspq.qc.ca/en/print/sexual-assault/fact-sheets/false-allegations-child-sexual-abuse

ČÍRTKOVÁ, Ludmila. Když se zneužívá sexuální zneužívání. Právo a rodina, 2017, roč. 19, č. 1, s. 1–8.

ČÍRTKOVÁ, Ludmila. Problematika posuzování věrohodnosti. Právo a rodina, 2018, roč. 20, č. 3, s. 12-17.

DAVEY, Robert I. a Jonathan HILL. A study of the variability of training and beliefs among professionals who interview children to investigate suspected sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 1995, roč. 19, č. 8. s. 993–942.

DAWES, Robyn M., David FAUST a Paul E. MEEHL. Clinical versus actuarial judgment. Science, 1989, roč. 243, č. 4899, s. 1668–1674.

Dohovor o právach dieťaťa. Prijatý Valným zhromaždením OSN v New Yorku 20. novembra 1989.

Dohovor Rady Európy o ochrane detí pred sexuálnym vykorisťovaním a sexuálnym zneužívaním. Lanzarote, 25. 10. 2007.

EVERSON, Mark D. a Barbara W. BOAT. False allegations of sexual abuse by children and adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 1989, roč. 28, č. 2, s. 230–235. https://doi.org/10.1097/00004583-198903000-00014

EVERSON, Mark D. a Jose M. SANDOVAL. Forensic child sexual abuse evaluations: Assessing subjectivity and bias in professional judgements. Child Abuse & Neglect, 2011, roč. 35, č. 4, s. 287–298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2011.01.001

FALLER, Kathleen Coulborn. Coaching children about sexual abuse: A pilot study of professionals’ perceptions. Child Abuse & Neglect,2007a, roč. 31, č. 9, s. 947–959.

FALLER, Kathleen Coulborn. Interviewing Children about Sexual Abuse: Controversies and Best Practice. New York : Oxford University Press, 2007b, 328 s., ISBN 978-0195311778.

FALLER, Kathleen Coulborn. The Witch-Hunt Narrative: Introduction and Overview. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2017, roč. 32, č. 6, s. 784–804.

FALLER, Kathleen Coulborn a Ellen DeVOE, E. Allegations of sexual abuse in divorce. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 1995, roč. 4, č. 4, s. 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1300/J070v04n04_01

FANFLIK, Patricia L. Victim Responses to Sexual Assault: Counterintuitive or Simply Adaptive? Alexandria,Virginia: American Prosecutors Research Institute, [online]. 2007. 36 s. [cit. 2018-01-27] Dostupné z: http://www.ndaa.org/pdf/pub_victim_responses_sexual_assault.pdf

FAUST, David a Kyle A. FAUST. Experts’ experience and diagnostic and predictive accuracy. In: FAUST, David (Ed.), Coping with psychiatric and psychological testimony: Based on the original work by Jay Ziskin (6th ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2012, s. 131–146, ISBN 978-0195174113.

FINNILÄ-TUOHIMAA, Katarina. Expertise and decision making among clinicians in investigations of alleged child sexual abuse. Doctoral dissertation, Helsinki, Finland: Nordprint Oy, 2009, 120 s., ISBN 978-951-29-3894-0.

FINNILÄ-TUOHIMAA, Katarina, Pekka SANTTILA, Linda BJÖRNBERG, Niina HAKALA, Pekka NIEMI a Kenneth SANDNABBA. Attitudes related to child sexual abuse: Scale construction and explorative study among psychologists. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 2008, roč. 49, č. 4, s. 311–323. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9450.2008.00635.x

FINNILÄ-TUOHIMAA, Katarina, Pekka SANTTILA, Mikael SAINIO, Pekka NIEMI a Kenneth SANDNABBA. Connections between experience, beliefs, scientific knowledge, and self-evaluated expertise among investigators of child sexual abuse in Finland. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 2005, roč. 46, č. 1, s. 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9450.2005.00429.x

FINNILÄ-TUOHIMAA, Katarina, Pekka SANTTILA, Mikael SAINIO, Pekka NIEMI a Kenneth SANDNABBA. Expert judgment in cases of alleged child sexual abuse: Clinicians’ sensitivity to suggestive influences, pre‐existing beliefs and base rate estimates. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 2009, roč. 50, č. 2, s. 129–142. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9450.2008.00687.x

GAMBRILL, Eileen. Decision making in child welfare: Constraints and potentials. In: LINDSEY, Duncan a Aron SHLONSKY (Eds.), Child welfare research: Advances for practice and policy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008, s. 175–193, ISBN 978-0195304961.

GARB, Howard N. a William M. GROVE. On the merits of clinical judgment. American Psychologist, 2005, roč. 60, č. 6, s. 658–659. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.60.6.658

GELMAN, Susan A. a Meredith MEYER. Child categorization. WIREs Cognitive Science, 2011, roč. 2, č. 1, s. 95–105.

GONGOLA, Jennifer, Nicholas SCURICH a Jodi A. QUAS. Detecting deception in children: A meta‐analysis. Law and Human Behavior, 2017, roč. 41, č. 1, s. 44–54. https://doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000211

GOODMAN-DELAHUNTY, Jane, Mark Andrew NOLAN a Evianne L. van GIJN-GROSVENOR. Empirical guidance on the effects of child sexual abuse on memory and complainants’ evidence. Sydney, Australia: Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, 2017, 197 s. ISBN 978-1-925622-18-8.

GOODMAN-DELAHUNTY, Jane, Natalie MARTSCHUK a Annie COSSINS. Programmatic Pretest-posttest Research to Reduce Jury Bias in Child Sexual Abuse Cases. Oñati Socio-legal Series, 2016, roč. 6, č. 2, s. 283–314.

GOODMAN, Gail S., Bette L. BOTTOMS, Leslie RUDY, Suzanne L. DAVIS a Beth M. SCHWARTZ-KENNEY. Effects of past abuse experiences on children’s eyewitness memory. Law and Human Behavior, 2001, roč. 25, č. 3, s. 269–298. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010797911805

GOODMAN, Gail S., Olivia JONES a Cynthia McLEOD. Is There Consensus About Children’s Memory and Suggestibility? Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2017, roč. 32, č. 6, s. 926–939.

GOODWIN, Jean, Doris SAHD a Richard T. RADA. Incest hoax: False accusations, false denials. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 1978, roč. 6, č. 3, s. 269–276.

GREEN, Arthur H. True and false allegations of sexual abuse in child custody disputes. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 1986, roč. 25, č. 4, s. 449–456. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-7138(10)60001-5

Guidelines on Prosecuting Cases of Child Sexual Abuse. London: THE CROWN PROSECUTION SERVICE, [online]. 2013, 2017. [cit. 2018-03-21]. Dostupné z: http://www.cps.gov.uk/legal/a_to_c/child_sexual_abuse/#content

HEGER, Astrid, Lynne TICSON, Oralia VELASQUEZ a Raphael BERNIER. Children referred for possible sexual abuse: Medical findings in 2384 children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 2002, roč. 26, č. 6–7, s. 645–659.

HRITZ, Amelia Courtney, Caisa Elizabeth ROYER, Rebecca K. HELM, Kayla A. BURD, Karen OJEDA a Stephen J. CECI. Children's suggestibility research: Things to know before interviewing a child. Anuario de Psicología Jurídica, 2015, roč. 25, č. 1, s. 3–12.

HUSSEY, Jon M., Jane Marie MARSHALL, Diana J. ENGLISH, Elizabeth Dawes KNIGHT, Anna S. LAU, Howard DUBOWITZ a KOTCH, Jonathan B. Defining maltreatment according to substantiation: Distinction without a difference? Child Abuse & Neglect, 2005, roč. 29, č. 5, s. 479–492.

CHEIT, Ross E. The Witch-Hunt Narrative: Politics, Psychology, and the Sexual Abuse of Children. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2014, 532 s. ISBN 978-0190465575.

JELÍNEK, Jiří, Tomáš GŘIVNA, et al. Poškozený a oběť trestného činu z trestněprávního a kriminologického pohledu. Praha: Leges, 2012, 256 s. ISBN 978-80-87576-39-7.

JONES, David P.H. a , J. Melbourne McGRAW. Reliable and fictitious accounts of sexual abuse in children. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1987, roč. 2, č. 1, s. 27–45. https://doi.org/10.1177/088626087002001002

Juppala proti Fínsku, rozsudok ESĽP z 2. decembra 2008.

KARKOSKOVA, Slavka a Ivan ROPOVIK. The prevalence of child sexual abuse among Slovak late adolescents. [online]. 2018 [cit. 2018-03-25]. https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/D8BG6. Dostupné z: http://osf.io/preprints/socarxiv/d8bg6

KARKOŠKOVÁ, Slávka. Používanie konceptu „syndróm zavrhnutého rodiča“ v právnej praxi – 1. časť. Justičná revue, 2016, roč. 68, č. 6-7, s. 690–709.

KARKOŠKOVÁ, Slávka. Používanie konceptu „syndróm zavrhnutého rodiča“ v právnej praxi – 2. časť. Justičná revue, 2016, roč. 68, č. 8-9, s. 857–877.

KARKOŠKOVÁ, Slávka. Sexuálne zneužívanie detí: vzorce kontraintuitívnych reakcií obetí. In: HULLOVÁ, Monika (ed.) Zborník vedeckých štúdií a odborných článkov z medzinárodnej virtuálnej vedeckej konferencie na tému Mravnostná kriminalita ako spoločenský fenomén a možnosti jej kontroly. Bratislava: Akadémia Policajného zboru, 2015b, s. 190–205. ISBN 978-80-8054-647-2.

KASINEC, Rudolf. Alternatívne tresty ako brzda justičných omylov. In: STRÉMY, Tomáš (ed.). Restoratívna justícia a systém alternatívnych trestov. Zborník z medzinárodnej vedeckej konferencie. Praha: Leges, 2017, s. 320–329, ISBN 978-80-7502-224-0.

KENDALL-TACKETT, Kathleen A. How many children make false allegations of sexual abuse?: A survey of mental health and law enforcement professionals. Family Violence Bulletin, 1991, roč. 7, č. 3, s. 19–21.

KIM, In‐Kyeong, Enoch S. KWON a Stephen J. CECI. Developmental Reversals in Report Conformity: Psycho-legal Implications. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2017, roč. 31, č. 2, s. 128–138. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3309

KITZINGER, Jenny. Framing abuse: Media influence and public understanding of sexual violence against children. London; Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto Press, 2004, 236 s. ISBN 0‐7453 23‐31‐6.

KORKMAN, Julia, Jatta SVANBÄCK, Katarina FINNILÄ a Pekka SANTTILA. Judges’ views of child sexual abuse: Evaluating beliefs against research findings in a Finnish sample. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 2014, roč. 55, č. 5, s. 497–504. https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12147

KORKMAN, Julia, Jan ANTFOLK, Monica FAGERLUND a Pekka SANTTILA. The prevalence of unfounded suspicions of child sexual abuse in Finland. Nordic Psychology, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1080/19012276.2018.1470554

KOZELKA, Petr. Vyšetřovatelka: Proč jsou rozvádějící se otcové tak často obviňováni ze zneužívání dětí. [online], 2018 [cit. 2018-04-26]. Dostupné z: https://www.novinky.cz/domaci/469690-vysetrovatelka-proc-jsou-rozvadejici-se-otcove-tak-casto-obvinovani-ze-zneuzivani-deti.html

LALOR, Kevin a Rosaleen McELVANEY. Overview of the nature and extent of child sexual abuse in Europe. In: Protecting children from sexual violence - A comprehensive approach. Strasbourg: Council of Europe, 2011, s. 13–43, ISBN 978-92-871-7114-6.

LAMB, Nancy Beasley. The Witch-Hunt Narrative: Turning a Blind Eye to the Evidence in the So-Called Name of Justice. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2017, roč. 32, č. 6, s. 948–955.

LANDOLT, Markus A., SCHNYDER, Ulrich, MAIER, Thomas a Meichun MOHLER-KUO. The Harm of Contact and Non-Contact Sexual Abuse: Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in a Population Sample of Swiss Adolescents. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 2016, roč. 85, č. 5, s. 320–322. https://doi.org/10.1159/000446810

LYON, Thomas D. False Denials: Overcoming Methodological Biases in Abuse Disclosure Research. In: PIPE, Margaret-Ellen, Michael E. LAMB, Yael ORBACH. a Ann-Christin CEDERBORG (eds). Child Sexual Abuse: Disclosure, Delay and Denial. New York: Routledge 2007, s. 41–60. ISBN 978-0805852844.

LYON, Thomas D. Let’s not exaggerate the suggestibility of children. Court Review, 2001, roč. 38, č. 3, s. 12–14.

LYON, Thomas D. New Wave in Children’s Suggestibility Research: A Critique. Cornell Law Review, 1999, roč. 84, č. 4, s. 1004–1087.

LYON, Thomas D., Stacia N. STOLZENBERG a Kelly McWilliams. Wrongful acquittals of Child Sexual Abuse. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2017, roč. 32, č. 6, s. 805–825.

McDONALD, Merrilyn. The Myth of Epidemic False Allegations of Sexual Abuse in Divorce Cases. Court Review, 1998, roč. 35, č. 1, s. 12–19.

Medzinárodná klasifikácia chorôb. [online], [cit. 2018-03-12]. Dostupné z: http://www.nczisk.sk/Standardy-v-zdravotnictve/Pages/Medzinarodna-klasifikacia-chorob-MKCH-10.aspx

MELINDER, Annika a Svein MAGNUSSEN. Psychologists and psychiatrists serving as expert witnesses in court: what do they know about eyewitness memory? Psychology, Crime & Law, 2015, roč. 21, č. 1, s. 53–61. https://doi.org/10.1080/1068316X.2014.915324

MELKMAN, Eran P., Irit HERSHKOWITZ a Ronit ZUR. Credibility assessment in child sexual abuse investigations: A descriptive analysis. Child Abuse & Neglect, 2017, roč. 67, č. 5, s. 76–85.

MITLÖHNER, Miroslav. Právní aspekty zneužívání dětí. In: Komerční sexuální zneužívání dětí : Násilí na dětech. Praha: Humanitas-Profes, o.p.s., 2001, s. 19–24.

NATIONAL CRIME VICTIM LAW INSTITUTE. Victims’ Rights Compel Action to Counteract Judges’ and Juries’ Common Misperceptions About Sexual Assault Victims’ Behaviors. Violence Against Women Bulletin. Legal publications project of The National Crime Victim Law Institute at Lewis & Clark Law School, Portland Oregon, USA [online], 2014 [cit. 2018-03-12]. Dostupné z: https://law.lclark.edu/live/files/17491-countering-common-misperceptions-of-sa-victims

O’DONOHUE, William T. a Olga CIRLUGEA. How Often Do Children Lie About Being Sexually Abused? In: O’DONOHUE, William T. a Matthew FANETTI. Forensic Interviews Regarding Child Sexual Abuse: A Guide to Evidence-Based Practice. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2016, s. 275–292. ISBN 978-3-319-21097-1.

O’DONOHUE, William T., Olga CIRLUGEA, Natalie BENNETT a Lorraine T. BENUTO. Psychological and Investigative Pathways to Untrue Allegations of Child Sexual Abuse. In: O’DONOHUE, William T. a Matthew FANETTI (eds.). Forensic Interviews Regarding Child Sexual Abuse: A Guide to Evidence-Based Practice. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2016, s. 257–273. ISBN 978-3-319-21097-1.

OATES, Kim R., David P. H. JONES, David DENSON, Andrew SIROTNAK, Nancy GARY a Richard D. KRUGMAN. Erroneous concerns about child sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 2000, roč. 24, č. 1, s. 149–157. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134(99)00108-8

Odborné usmernenie Ministerstva zdravotníctva Slovenskej republiky o postupe poskytovateľov zdravotnej starostlivosti pri oznamovaní prípadov podozrenia zo sexuálneho zneužívania osôb do osemnásť rokov. Vestník MZ SR 2010, Čiastka 4–6.

ORR, Marjorie. False memory syndrome movements: the origins and the promoters. In: SINASON, Valerie (ed.) Memory in Dispute. New York: Routledge, 2018, s. 79–94, ISBN 978-1-85575-122-4.

OTGAAR, Henry, Corine DE RUITER, Mark L. HOWE, Lisanne HOETMER a Patricia VAN REEKUM, P. A Case Concerning Children's False Memories of Abuse: Recommendations Regarding Expert Witness Work. Psychiatry. Psychology and Law, 2017, roč. 24, č. 3, s. 365–378.

OTGAAR, Henry, Mark L. HOWE, Nathalie BRACKMANN a Daniel H. J.van HELVOORT. Eliminating Age Differences in Children’s and Adults’ Suggestibility and Memory Conformity Effects. Developmental Psychology, 2017, roč. 53, č. 5, s. 962–970. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0000298

Oxford University Press. Word of the Year 2016 is... . [online] 2017. [cit. 2018-01-04]. Dostupné z: https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/word-of-the-year/word-of-the-year-2016

PAOLUCCI, Elizabeth Oddone, Mark L. GENUIS a Claudio VIOLATO. A Meta-Analysis of the Published Research on the Effects of Child Sexual Abuse. The Journal of Psychology, 2001, roč. 135, č. 1, s. 17–36. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980109603677

PAZ-ALONSO, Pedro M., Christin M. OGLE a Gail S. GOODMAN. Children’s Memory in “Scientific Case Studies” of Child Sexual Abuse: A Review. In: COOPER, Barry S., Dorothee GRIESEL a Marguerite TERNES (Eds.) Applied Issues in Investigative Interviewing, Eyewitness Memory, and Credibility Assessment. New York: Springer, 2013, s. 143–171. ISBN 9781461455462.

PELISOLI, Catula, Steve HERMAN, Debora Dalbosco DELL'AGLIO. Child sexual abuse research knowledge among child abuse professionals and laypersons. Child Abuse & Neglect, 2015, roč. 40, č. 2, s. 36–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2014.08.010

PÉREZ-FUENTES, Gabriela, Mark OLFSON, Laura VILLEGAS, Carmen MORCILLO, Shuai WANG a Carlos BLANCO. Prevalence and Correlates of Child Sexual Abuse: A National Study. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 2013, roč. 54, č. 1, s. 16–27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2012.05.010

PETERSON, Dwight J., Kevin T. JONES, Jaclyn A. STEPHENS, Filiz GÖZENMAN a Marian E. BERRYHILL. Childhood Memory: An Update from the Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective. In: O’DONOHUE, William T. a Matthew FANETTI (eds.). Forensic Interviews Regarding Child Sexual Abuse: A Guide to Evidence-Based Practice. Cham: Springer, 2016, s. 81–105. ISBN 978-3-319-21097-1.

PEZDEK, Kathy a Iris BLANDON-GITLIN. It Is Just Harder to Construct Memories for False Autobiographical Events. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2017, roč. 31, č. 1, s. 42–44. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3269

PHOENIX, Jo. Wronfgful Allegations of Sexual and Child Abuse. By Ros Burnett (Oxford University Press, 2016). The British Journal of Criminology, 2017, roč. 57, č. 6, s. 1527–1530.

PIPE, Margaret-Ellen, Michael E., LAMB, Yael ORBACH a Ann-Christin CEDERBORG. Child Sexual Abuse: Disclosure, Delay and Denial. New York: Routledge, Psychology Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2007, 328 s. ISBN 978-0805863178.

PIROŠÍKOVÁ, Marica. Najzraniteľnejší poškodení z hľadiska judikatúry Európskeho súdu pre ľudské práva. Zo súdnej praxe, 2015, č. 6, s. 247–253.

PORUBANOVÁ, Michaela. Neuropsychologické hodnotenie pamäti, [online]. 2012. [cit. 2018-03-03]. Dostupné z: https://is.muni.cz/el/1423/podzim2012/PSY105/um/prednaska_RAVLT.pdf

RASKIN, David C. a Phillip W. ESPLIN. Statement Validity Assessment: Interview procedures and content-analysis of children’s statements of sexual abuse. Behavioral Assessment, 1991, roč. 13, č. 3, s. 265–291.

RYDBERG, Jenny Ann. Research and clinical issues in trauma and dissociation: Ethical and logical fallacies, myths, misreports, and misrepresentations. European Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 2017, roč. 1, č. 2, s. 89–99.

SALTER, Michael. Child sexual abuse. In: DEKESEREDY, Walter S. a Molly DRAGIEWICZ, Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology (2nd ed.). London a New York: Routledge, 2018, s. 316–333. ISBN 9781138656192.

SCORER, Richard. Book review: Wrongful allegations of sexual and child abuse. New Law Journal [online]. [cit. 2017-03-10]. Dostupné z: https://www.newlawjournal.co.uk/content/book-review-wrongful-allegations-sexual-and-child-abuse

SCHUMAN, Theresa M. Allegations of sexual abuse. In: STAHL, Philip M. (ed.) Complex issues in child custody evaluations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1999, s. 43–68. ISBN 978-0761919094.

Smernica Európskeho parlamentu a Rady 2011/93/EÚ z 13. decembra 2011 o boji proti sexuálnemu zneužívaniu a sexuálnemu vykorisťovaniu detí a proti detskej pornografii, ktorou sa nahrádza rámcové rozhodnutie Rady 2004/68/SVV.

Smernica Európskeho parla­men­tu a rady 2012/29/ EÚ z 25. októbra 2012, ktorou sa stanovujú mini­mál­ne normy v oblas­ti práv, podpory a ochrany obetí trestných činov.

SPENGLER, Paul M., Michael J. WHITE, Stefanía ÆGISDÓTTIR, Alan S. MAUGHERMAN, Linda A. ANDERSON, Robert S. COOK, Cassandra N. NICHOLS, Georgios K. LAMPROPOULOS, Blain S. WALKER, Genna R. COHEN a Jeffrey D. RUSH. The meta-analysis of clinical judgment project: Effects of experience on judgment accuracy. The Counseling Psychologist, 2009, roč. 37, č. 3, s. 350–399. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011000006295149

STALLER, Karen M. a Frank E. VANDERVORT. Child sexual abuse: legal burdens and scientific methods. In: STALLER, Karen M. a Kathleen Coulborn FALLER (eds.). Seeking Justice in Child Sexual Abuse: Shifting Burdens and Sharing Responsibilities. New York: Columbia University Press, 2010, s. 1–32. ISBN 978-0231146142.

Stanovisko Koalície pre deti Slovensko k reportáži o “syndróme zavrhnutého rodiča” odvysielanej na Jednotke RTVS v relácii Reportéri [online]. 2017 [cit. 2018-03-22]. Dostupné z: http://koaliciapredeti.sk/press/stanovisko-koalicie-pre-deti-slovensko-k-reportazi-o-syndrome-zavrhnuteho-rodica-odvysielanej-na-jednotke-rtvs-v-relacii-reporteri/

TURVEY, Brent E. a Craig M. COOLEY. Miscarriages of Justice: Actual Innocence, Forensic Evidence, and the Law. Oxford: Academic Press, 2014, 416 s. ISBN 9780124115583.

TROCMÉ, Nico a Nicholas BALA. False allegations of abuse and neglect when parents separate. Child Abuse & Neglect, 2005, roč. 29, č. 12, s. 1333–1345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2004.06.016

UNDEUTSCH, Udo. The development of statement reality analysis. In: YUILLE, John C. (ed) Credibility assessment. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1989, s. 101–119. ISBN 978-0792301950.

Úrad komisára pre deti. Problém: „Syndróm zavrhnutého rodiča“. [online]. 2017. [cit. 2018-03-21]. Dostupné z: https://komisarpredeti.sk/problem-syndrom-zavrhnuteho-rodica/

VÁGNEROVÁ, Márie. Psychopatologie pro pomáhajíci profese. Praha: Portál, 2004, 872 s. ISBN 80-7178-802-3.

Velký lékařský slovník [online]. 2018 [cit. 2018-04-01]. Dostupné z: http://lekarske.slovniky.cz/pojem/psychoza

VRIJ, Aldert a Giorgio GANIS. Theories in Deception and Lie Detection. In: RASKIN, David C., Charles R. HONTS, a John C. KIRCHER (eds). Credibility Assessment: Scientific Research and Applications, Kidlington, Oxford: Academic Press, 2014, s. 301–374. ISBN 978-0123944337.

VRIJ, Aldert. Detecting Lies and Deceit: Pitfalls and Opportunities, Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2008, 502 s. ISBN 978-0470516256.

VRIJ, Aldert. Verbal Lie Detection Tools: Statement Validity Analysis, Reality Monitoring and Scientific Content Analysis. In: GRANHAG, Pär Anders, Aldert VRIJ, a Bruno VERSCHUERE (eds.). Detecting Deception: Current Challenges and Cognitive Approaches, 1st Edition. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2015, s. 3–35. ISBN 978-1118509753.

WEISER, Dana A. Confronting Myths about Sexual Assault: A Feminist Analysis of the False Report Literature. Family Relations, 2017, roč. 66, č. 1, s. 46–60. https://doi.org/10.1111/fare.12235

WELLE, Ida, Michel BERCLAZ, Marie-Josee LACASA a Gerard NIVEAU. A call to improve the validity of criterion-based content analysis (CBCA): Results from a field-based study including 60 children's statements of sexual abuse. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 2016, roč. 43, s. 111–119.

ZÁHORA, Jozef. Zákon o obetiach trestných činov: Komentár. Bratislava: Wolters Kluwer, 2018, 416 s. ISBN 978-80-8168-850-8.

ZAJAC, Rachel a Deirdre A. BROWN. Conducting Successful Memory Interviews with Children, Child & adolescent social work journal, 2018, roč. 35, č. 3. s. 297–308.

ZAJAC, Rachel, Maryanne GARRY, Kamala LONDON, Felicity GOODYEAR-SMITH a Harlene HAYNE. Misconceptions about childhood sexual abuse and child witnesses: implications for psychological experts in the courtroom. Memory, 2013, roč. 21, č. 5, s. 608–617. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2013.778287

Zákon č. 274/ 2017 Z.z. Zákon o obetiach trestných činov a o zmene a doplnení niektorých zákonov.

Zákon č. 300/2005 Z. z. Trestný zákon.

Metriky

0

0


1274

Views

1023

PDF views