The Process of Europeanization and the Formation of the European Legal Space


The changes of political systems in Eastern Europe at the end of the 1980s contributed to the strengthening of efforts aimed at deepening the process of European integration. For a long time, these efforts have been affected by political, economic, and social factors constituting the social and political situation in the development of Europe and the world in the second half of the 20th and at the beginning of the 21st centuries. While European integration at the beginning of the 1950s was explained mainly in reference to economic interests, EU members nowadays unequivocally accept the fact that European integration is also a political process aiming towards the formation of a political union as the highest phase in the process of integration, where the bodies of the integrated group perform not only a common economic policy but also extend their activities into the spheres of foreign, security, defence, and internal policies. The EU, thus, simultaneously represents a form of a legal and political space sui generis.





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