Making Access to Government Data Work

Mireille van Eechoud

Abstract

The EU Directive on Re-use of Public Sector Information of 2013 (the PSI Directive) is a key instrument for open data policies at all levels of government in Member States. It sets out a general framework for the conditions governing the right to re-use information resources held by public sector bodies. It includes provisions on non-discrimination, transparent licensing and the like. However, what the PSI Directive does not do is give businesses, civil society or citizens an actual claim to access. Access is of course a prerequisite to (re)use. It is largely a matter for individual Member States to regulate what information is in the public record. This article explores what the options for the EC are to promote alignment of rights to information and re-use policy. It also flags a number of important data protection problems that have not been given serious enough consideration, but have the potential to paralyze open data policies. 

Keywords

Access to Government Information, Directive 2003/98/EC, Re-use of Public Sector Information, Open Data, Data Protection, Freedom of Information

Full Text:

References

Show references Hide references

Bargiotti, I et al., 2014, Value based prioritisation of Open Government Data In-vestments (EPSI platform topic report no. 2014/08), PwC.

Beers A. 1996, Informatica Publica. Rathenau Instituut, Den Haag.

Curtis Cartwright Consulting, 201l, Final report on PSI re-use in the cultural sector (CC462D011-1.1), commissioned by the EC.

Cristina dos Santos, On Privacy and Personal Data Protection as Regards Re-use of Public Sector Information (PSI) (2012), Masaryk University Journal Law and Technology, vol. 6, no 3.

Darbishire, H. 2011, Proactive Transparency: The future of the right to information? A review of standards, challenges, and opportunities, World Bank Institute, Washington.D.C.

Dulong De Rosnay, M et al. 2014, D5.2. Licensing Guidelines, LAPSI 2.0 The-matic Network, viewed 1 Aug 2015, <http://www.lapsi-project.eu/sites/ lapsi-project.eu/files/D5.2LicensingGuidelinesPO%20%281%29.pdf>

Hugelier S, Janssen K & Dos Santos C , 2014, LAPSI 2.0 Good practices on Institutional embedding and enforcement, viewed 1 Aug 2015, <http://www.lapsi-project.eu/sites/lapsi-project.eu/files/D4.1.GoodPracticesRedressFinalVersion.pdf>.

ISA Work program, Feb. 2014, Access to base registries, final Report, EC, Brus-sels.

Loenen, B, van, and M. Grothe, ‘INSPIRE empowers re-use of public sector information’, International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research 2014, vol. 9.

McKinsey & Company, 2013. Open data: Unlocking innovation and performance with liquid information, viewed 1 Aug 2015, <http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/business_technology/open_data_unlocking_innovation_and_performance_with_liquid_information>.

Valero J & Magnolia Pardo M , 2014, LAPSI Position paper on Enforcement and Institutional Embedding, viewed 1 Aug 2015 http://www.lapsi-project.eu/sites/lapsi-pro-ject.eu/files/D4.2%20Position%20paper%20on%20Enforcement%20and%20Institutional%20Embedding.pdf.

Van de Ven, T & Wedlock, M, 2014, ITS Action plan,D5 – Final Report Action B - EU-wide real-time traffic information services, Brussels.

Van Eechoud M, 2011, ‘Friends or Foes? Creative Commons, Freedom of Information Law and the EU Framework for Re-Use of Public Sector Information’ in L. Guibault & C. Angelopoulos (ed.), Open Content Licensing: From Theory to Practice. Amsterdam University Press, Amsterdam.

Van Eechoud, M, 2015, ‘Calculating and Monitoring the Benefits of Public Sector Information Re-use’, in Thomas Dreier et al. (eds.), Zugang und Verwertung öffentlicher Informationen, Nomos, Baden (forthcoming).

Van Eechoud, Mireille & Janssen, Katleen 2012, ‘Rights of Access to Public Sector Information’, Masaryk University Journal Law and Technology, vol. 6, no 3.

Van Velze S, Caspers M, Eskens, S & M van Eechoud, Good practices collection on access to data (with contributions of Austere, L, Broomfield H, Ellis J, Myska M, Lubarda M, Valero-Torrijos J, Pardo-López M, Van Loenen B, Grothe M, Vrecar S, & De Vries, M), LAPSI, viewed 1 Aug 2015, http://www.lapsi-project.eu/outputs.

De Vries, M. et al. 2011, The Pricing of Public Sector Information, study for the EC, Brussels.

https://doi.org/10.5817/MUJLT2015-2-4


Copyright (c) 2015 Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology