Unclear Status of Digital Content in Polish Consumer Rights Regulation

Berenika Kaczmarek-Templin


This paper aims to focus on the influence of the new consumer rights directive (2011/83/UE) on polish law. Till now there was not any regulation of electronic commerce, which deals with digital content, although music, movie and book single sales are mostly digital downloads. Regarding to polish Civil Code and the other acts, it has never been defined what the digital content is, it has never been resolved weather it is the product or the service. 


International Consumer Contracts, E-commerce, Digital Content, Polish Consumer Rights

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Bezakova, D., (2013) The Consumer Rights Directive and its Implications for consumer protection regarding intangible digital content, Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology, Nr 2.

Jacquemin, H., (2010) Digital Content and Consumer Protection within European Law, The 8th international workshop for technical, economic and legal aspects of business models for virtual goods: incorporating the 6th international ODRL workshop, September 30th-October 1st 2010 Namur, Belgium . Namur: Presses Universitaires de Namur

Judgement of European Court of Justice from 3.7.2012 r. in case C-128/11 UsedSoft GmbH v. Oracle International Corp., pkt 48, 84, ECLI:EU:C:2012:407.

Kaczmarek-Templin, B., Szostek D. [in:] Kaczmarek-Templin B., Szostek, D., Stec P. (ed.), (2014) Ustawa o prawach konsumenta. Kodeks cywilny (wyciąg), Warszawa C. H. Beck.


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