Person and Personality in Cyber Space: A Legal Analysis of Virtual Identity

Morteza Vesali Naseh

Abstract

The day by day expansion of the Internet in all of human’s life put him or her between two worlds: real and virtual. The lifestyle of individuals has changed drastically in the challenge of these two worlds. Domination of virtual environments in all aspects of human personality, especially on the Identity, is clearly observable. The emergence of a virtual identity in cyberspace; beside the real identity of people is one of the challenges of the virtual environment of the Internet. The rise of some novel challenges about the question of identity in cyberspace may need appearing law on the issue of virtual identity. Freedom of identity, anonymity, irresponsibility, authenticity and identification in cyberspace are some of the legal issues, considered as challenges of virtual identity. Rule of cyberspace and protect the rights of cyber society, citizens (Netizens) are on the shoulder of law which makes constructing a legal framework as an irresistible matter of the future of the virtual society. For this, a correct understanding of the virtual environment and its related legal issues is needed. Virtual identity as a new topic may need a new legal approach and analysis.


Keywords

Person, Personality, Cyberspace, Virtual Identity, Virtual Identification

Full Text:

References

Show references Hide references

[1] Abelson, H., & Lawrence, L. 1998. Digital Identity in Cyberspace, White Paper Submitted for 6.805/Law of Cyberspace: Social Protocols, New York.

[2] Amelia, S., 2013, Dual Spacization Approach to the Electronic Publishing, International Journal of Social Sciences, Vol.3, No.2, 2013.

[3] Ameli, S. & Mirali, A., 2004, Dual Citizenship: British, Islamic or Bout: Obligation, Recognition, Respect and Belonging, London.

[4] Ameli, S. 2010. Dual Spacization Locative and Omnipresence of Cultural Cognitive Rapprochement of Cultures, University of Ataturk, 26th of May, Istanbul.

[5] Bhakti, M., 1986, Speech Genres and Other Late Essays, University of Texas Press, Texas.

[6] Berman, P.S., 2007, Law and Society Approaches to Cyberspace, George Washington Law Faculty Publications & Other Works,Ashgate Publishing, New York.

[7] Cohen, J.E., 2007, 'Cyberspace as/and Space', Columbia Law Review, Vol.107, pp. 210-256.

[8] Elizabeth A. M., 2003, Oxford Dictionary of Law, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

[9] Fairclough, N., 2003, Analyzing Discourse: Textual Analysis for Social Research, Rutledge, London/New York.

[10] Giordano, F., 1998, Invoking Law as a Basis for Identity in Cyberspace, Stanford Technology Law Review, Vol.1, No.1, pp. 2-79.

[11] Groom, J., 2006,Anonymity and online community,Identity Matters, 'E-server Tc Library', Issue No. 214.

[12] Halperin, R., & Backhouse, J., 2009, A Road Map for Research on Identity in the InformationSociety, Springer Publication, London.

[13] Halperin, R., & Backhouse, J., 2009, Identity in Cyber Space, Springer, London.

[14] Hauben, M., 2008, Net and Netizen: the Impact of the Net has on People's Lives, Columbia Education Press, London and New York.

[15] Hodgson, V., 2002, Issues for Democracy and Social Identity in CMC and Networked Learning, in Networked Learning: Perspectives and Issues, Springer, London.

[16] Johnson, D., & post, D., 1996,'Law and Borders: the Rise of Law in Cyberspace', Stanford Law Review, Vol.45, No.5, pp. 69-96.

[17] Kamal, A., 2005, the law of Cyber Space, United Nations Institute for Training and Research, New York.

[18] Katsuaki S., Welcome to The World of Netizens, Iwate Prefectural University of Japan, Tokyo.

[19]Krausova, A., 2008, 'Identification in Cyberspace', Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology, Vol.2, No.1, pp. 83-95.

[20] Lamely, M.A., 2003, 'Place and Cyberspace', California Law Review, Vol.91, No.2, pp. 521-549.

[21] Levy, P., 1998, Becoming Virtual: Reality in the Digital Age, Plenum, London and New York.

[22] Levy, P., 2001, Cyber Culture, University of Minnesota Press, Minnesota.

[23] Marcus, B., & Michele, F., & Astrid, S., 2006, 'Personality in Cyberspace: Personal Web Sites as Media for Personality Expressions and Impressions', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.90, No.6, pp. 132-158. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.90.6.1014

[24] Nabeth, T., 2005, Understanding the Identity Concept in the Context of Digital Social Environments, A working paper by FIDIS consortium, European Community, pp. 1-91.

[25] Nagy, P., 2010, Second Life, Second Choice? The Effects of Virtual Identity on Consumer Behavior, Óbuda University Keleti Károly, Hungary.

[26] Rannenberg, K., & Royer, D., 2009, the Future of Identity in the Information Society: Challenges and Opportunities, Springer, London.

[27] Rheingold, H., 1994, Virtual Community: Finding Connection in a Computerized World, Secker & Warburg, London and New York.

[28] Rimmer, R., 2012, the Law of Computer Technology: Rights, Licenses and Liabilities, Australian National University College of Law,New Zealand.

[29] Shields, R., 2003, the Virtual, Rutledge, London and New York.

[30] Sullivan, C., 2011, Digital Identity: An Emergent Legal Concept, University of Adelaide Press, Australia.

[31] Van Kokswijk, J., 2008, 'Digital Ego: Social and Legal Aspects of Virtual Identity', International Journal of Human and Social Science, Vol.3, No.9, pp. 32-43.

[32] VanderValk, F., 2008, Identity, Power, and Representation in Virtual Environments, Merlot Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, Vol.4, No.2, PP.47-79.

[33] Vasalou, A., &Jonson, A. N., 2009, ' Me, Myself and I: The Role of Interactional Context on Self-Presentation through Avatars', Computers in Human Behavior, Vol.25, No.2, pp. 59-87.

[34] Vijayashankar, N., 2004, Cyber Laws for Every Netizen in India, Consultants Pvt Ltd, Ujvala.

[35] Vincent. J., 2009, Cyber Security: Identity Theft, South Carolina law Review, Vol. 57, No.255, pp. 1-59.

https://doi.org/10.5817/MUJLT2016-1-1



Copyright (c) 2016 Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology