The e-commerce international consumer contract in the European Union



Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I) adapts the rule laid down in the Rome Convention regarding international consumer contracts, to take into account the requirements of the consumer protection in an international contract, as the weaker party, and the demands of electronic commerce. Article 6 determines the types of international contract protected and establishes the mechanisms to protect the consumer. However, the legal provision in question is not free from complications and requires an effort of interpretation to adjust the rule to the diffuse nature of the internet and to the characteristics of electronic commerce. This paper identifies the difficulties of application of the provision to e-commerce and discusses the interpretative options of the European Union Court of Justice (ECJ).

International consumer contracts e-commerce; applicable law; Private International Law; contractual obligations; Regulation (EC) No 593/2008; Rome I Regulation

p. 5–20
Author biography

Anabela Susana de Sousa Gonçalves

Law School - University of Minho

Professor Private Law Department Law School - University of Minho

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