Legal Aspects of Brain-Computer Interfaces


This paper provides a legal introduction to brain-computer interfaces, a technology that enables a direct communication pathway between organic nervous systems and information and communication technologies. Overview of the technology is provided together with a summary of its possibilities. Analysis of legal implications is provided with regard to the relevant fundamental human rights. Namely, the questions of the technology impact on human dignity, right to privacy, freedom of thought and freedom of expression are examined. The conclusion provides recommendations for future legislative reactions. Legislators should carefully examine the technology and set out a legal framework that would use brain-computer interfaces to broaden freedoms and rights of humans rather than limit it or use the technology for public purposes.