NEWSPAPER PORTRAYAL OF TEACHERS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF REPRESENTATIONS OF TEACHERS IN A BRITISH AND A CZECH BROADSHEET
The study compares representations of teachers in the Czech broadsheet Mladá fronta and the British broadsheet The Daily Telegraph, aiming to reveal their possible impact on the level of public respect towards teachers. The methodology employed is critical discourse analysis, combining an investigation of semantic macrostructures and recurrent transitivity patterns. It is revealed that both newspapers call attention to problems regarding the teaching profession, advocating social change and higher job prestige. The social significance of a teacher is enhanced in both newspapers by allocating a teacher not only the role of a transmitter of knowledge but also a moral guide concerned with social issues. The main difference between the two broadsheets is that The Daily Telegraph foregrounds teachers’ wrongdoings, while Mladá fronta highlights teachers’ accomplishments. This seems to be mainly due to the inclusion of a section with regional content in the Czech broadsheet.
teachers; respect; British broadsheet; Czech broadsheet; critical discourse analysis; semantic macrostructures; transitivity analysis
Alhamdan, B., Al-Saadi, K., Baroutsis, A., Plessis, A. D., Hamid, O. M., and Honan, E. (2014) ‘Media representation of teachers across five countries.’ Comparative Education 50(4), 490-505. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03050068.2013.853476
Cohen, J. L. (2010) ‘Teachers in the news: A critical analysis of one US newspaper’s discourse on education, 2006-2007.’ Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education 31(1), 105-119.
Dolton P. and Marcenaro-Gutierrez, O. (2013) ‘2013 Global teacher status index.’ Varkey GEMS Foundation. 26 March 2018 <https://www.varkeyfoundation.org/sites/default/ files/documents/ 2013GlobalTeacherStatusIndex.pdf>.
Ellismore, S. (2005) Carry On, Teachers! Representations of the Teaching Profession in Screen Culture. Stoke on Trent: Trentham Books.
Fairclough, N. (1992) Discourse and Social Change. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Fowler, R. (1991) Language in the News: Discourse and Ideology in the Press. London and New York: Routledge.
Goldstein, R. A. (2011) ‘Imaging the frame: Media representations of teachers, their unions, NCLB, and education reform.’ Educational Policy 25(4), 543-576.
Halliday, M. A. K. (1985) An Introduction to Functional Grammar. London: Edward Arnold.
Halliday, M. A. K. (2014) Halliday’s Introduction to Functional Grammar. 4th ed. London and New York: Routledge.
Hansen, A. (2009) ‘Researching ‘teachers in the news’: The portrayal of teachers in the British national and regional press.’ Education 3-13, 37(4), 335-347.
Harcup, T. and O’Neill, D. (2001) ‘What is news? Galtung and Ruge revisited.’ Journalism Studies 2(2), 261-280. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14616700118449
Machin, D. and Mayr, A. (2012) How to Do Critical Discourse Analysis: A Multimodal Approach. London: SAGE Publications.
Průcha, J. (2002) Učitel: Současné poznatky o profesi. Praha: Portál.
Richardson, J. E. (2007) Analysing Newspapers: An Approach from Critical Discourse Analysis. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
Scull, W. R. and Peltier, G. L. (2007) ‘Star power and the schools: Studying popular films’ portrayal of educators.’ The Clearing House 81(1), 13-18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3200/TCHS.81.1.13-18
Statista (2018) ‘Circulation of newspapers in the United Kingdom (UK) in 2017.’ 26 March 2018 <https://www.statista.com/statistics/529060/uk-newspaper-marketby- circulation/>.
Teplá, M. (2010) Mediální obraz učitelů (Bachelor thesis). Brno: Masaryk University. Unie vydavatelů (2018) ‘Výzkum čtenosti tisku: Media prokekt.’ 26 March 2018 <http:// www.unievydavatelu.cz/cs/unie_vydavatelu/medialni_data>.
Vandermeersche, G., Soetaert, R. and Rutten, K. (2013) ‘“Shall I tell you what is wrong with Hector as a teacher?”: The history boys, stereotypes of popular and high culture, and teacher education.’ Journal of Popular Film and Television XLI(2), 88-97. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01956051.2013.787353
van Dijk, T. A. (1980) Macrostructures: An Interdisciplinary Study of Global Structures in Disclosure, Interaction, and Cognition. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
van Dijk, T. A. (1993) ‘Principles of critical discourse analysis.’ Discourse and Society 4(2), 249-283. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926593004002006
VoxEurop (2017) ‘Sources.’ 17 July 2018 < https://voxeurop.eu/en/sources>.
Wallace, M. (1993) ‘Discourse of derision: The role of mass media within the education policy process.’ Journal of Education Policy 8(4), 321-337. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/0268093930080402
Weiss, G. and Wodak, R. (eds) (2003) Critical Discourse Analysis: Theory and Interdisciplinarity. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Wodak, R. and Meyer, M. (eds) (2009) Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis. 2nd ed. London: SAGE Publications.
Wodak, R. (2009) ‘The discourse-historical approach.’ In: Wodak, R. and Meyer, M. (eds) Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis. 2nd ed. London: SAGE Publications, 63-94.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Copyright © 2019 Dita Trčková