Lendemeriella vaczii, a new lichenized fungal species from Antarctic Peninsula-with a key to the genus Lendemeriella

Vol.13,No.1(2023)

Abstract

Lichens are most dominant elements of Antarctic terrestrial vegetation, however, they are still not well known. In this paper, Lendemerialla vaczii is described as a new lichen species to science from the James Ross Island and Horseshoe Island, Antarctic Peninsula, based on morphology and phylogenetic analysis. The new species is characterized by brownish cream or buff-colored areolate thallus lacking vegetative propagules, black and lecideine apothecia and very thin (up to 1 µm) septa in ascospores. Phylogenetic analysis of nrITS sequence data shows that new species clusters in the genus Lendemeriella with a high bootstrap support. The new species is compared with other Lendemeriella species and other related crustose Teloschistaceae species without anthraquinones and a comprehensive description is provided. An identification key to 10 species of Lendemeriella is also provided.


Keywords:
Antarctica; biodiversity; Caloplacoidae; James Ross Island; Teloschistaceae
References

Davies, B. J., Glasser, N. F., Carrivick, J. L., Hambrey, M. J., Smellie, J. L. and Nývlt, D. (2013): Landscape evolution and ice-sheet behaviour in a semi-arid polar environment: James Ross Island, NE Antarctic Peninsula. In: M. J. Hambrey, P. F. Barker, P. J. Barrett, V. Bowman, B. Davies, J. L. Smellie, M. Tranter (eds.): Antarctic Palaeoenvironments and Earth-Surface Processes. Geological Society, London, Special Publication, 381: 353-395. doi: 10.1144/SP381.1

Divakar, P. K., Crespo, A. (2015): Molecular phylogenetic and phylogenomic approaches in studies of lichen systematics and evolution. In: D. Upreti, P. Divakar, V. Shukla, R. Bajpai (eds): Recent Advances in Lichenology: Modern Methods and Approaches in Lichen Systematics and Culture Techniques. Springer, New Delhi. Volume 2: 45-60. doi: 10.1007/978-81-322-2235-4_3

Frolov, I. V., Vondrák, J., Konoreva, L. A., Chesnokov, S. V., Himelbrant, D. E., Arup, U., Stepanchikova, I. S., Prokopiev, I. A., Yakovchenko, L. S. and Davydov, E. A. (2021): Three new species of crustose Teloschistaceae in Siberia and the Far East. Lichenologist, 53(3): 233-243. doi:10.1017/S0024282921000177

Galloway, D. J. (2004): New lichen taxa and names in the New Zealand mycobiota. New Zealand Journal of Botany, 42(1): 105-120. doi: 10.1080/0028825X.2004.9512893

Gardes, M., Bruns, T. D. (1993): ITS primers with enhanced specificity for basidiomycetes –application to the identification of mycorrhizae and rusts. Molecular Ecology, 2(2): 113-118. doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.1993.tb00005.x

Halici, M. G., Kahraman, M., Osmanoğlu, O. and Barták, M. (2021): New records of lichenized fungi for Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 42(3): 203-219. doi: 10.24425/ppr.2021.137145

Hall, T. A. (1999): BioEdit: A user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. In Nucleic Acids Symposium Series, 41: 95-98.

Hodkinson, B. P., Lendemer, J. C. (2012): Phylogeny and taxonomy of an enigmatic sterile lichen. Systematic Botany, 37(4): 835-844. doi: 10.1600/036364412X656536

Kondratyuk, S. Y., Lőkös, L., Farkas, E., Kärnefelt, I., Thell, A., Yamamoto, Y. and Hur, J. S. (2020): Three new genera of the Teloschistaceae proved by three gene phylogeny. Acta Botanica Hungarica, 62(1-2): 109-136. doi: 10.1556/034.62.2020.1-2.7

Kubiak, D., Zalewska, A. (2009): Notes on Caloplaca lucifunga (Teloschistales, Ascomycota) in Poland. Acta Mycologica, 44(2): 239-248. doi: 10.5586/am.2009.022

Láska, K., Barták, M., Hájek, J., Prošek, P. and Bohuslavová, O. (2011): Climatic and ecological characteristics of deglaciated area of James Ross Island, Antarctica, with a special respect to vegetation cover. Czech Polar Reports, 1(1): 49-62. doi: 10.5817/CPR2011-1-5

Øvstedal, D. O., Smith, R. L. (2001): Lichens of Antarctica and South Georgia: A guide to their identification and ecology. Cambridge University Press. 424 p.

Søchting, U., Lorentsen, L. B. and Arup, U. (2008): The lichen genus Caloplaca (Ascomycota, Lecanoromycetes) on Svalbard. Notes and additions. Nova Hedwigia, 87(1-2): 69-96. doi: 10.1127/0029-5035/2008/0087-0069

Tamura, K., Stecher, G. and Kumar, S. (2021): MEGA11: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 11. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 38(7): 3022-3027. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msab120

Vondrak, J., Frolov, I., Davydov, E. A., Yakovchenko, L., Malíček, J., Svoboda, S. and Kubásek, J. (2019): The lichen family Teloschistaceae in the Altai-Sayan region (Central Asia). Phytotaxa, 396(1): 1-66. doi: 10.11646/phytotaxa.396.1.1

Vondrák, J., Frolov, I., Košnar, J., Arup, U., Veselská, T., Halıcı, G., Malíček, J. and Søchting, U. (2020): Substrate switches, phenotypic innovations and allopatric speciation formed taxonomic diversity within the lichen genus Blastenia. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 58(3): 295-330. doi: 10.1111/jse.12503

Wetmore, C. M. (1994): The lichen genus Caloplaca in North and Central America with brown or black apothecia. Mycologia, 86(6): 813-838. doi: 10.2307/3760596

Wetmore, C. M. (2004): The sorediate corticolous species of Caloplaca in North and Central America. The Bryologist, 107(4): 505-520. doi: 10.1639/0007-2745(2004)

Wetmore, C. M. (2007): Notes on Caloplaca cerina (Teloschistaceae) in North and central america. The Bryologist, 110(4): 798-807. doi: 10.1639/0007-2745(2007)

White, T. J., Bruns, T., Lee, S. J. W. T. and Taylor, J. (1990): Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. PCR protocols: A guide to methods and applications, 18(1): 315-322.

Yildirim, C. (2019): Geomorphology of Horseshoe Island, Marguerite Bay, Antarctica. Journal of Maps, 16(2): 56-67. doi: 10.1080/17445647.2019.1692700

Web sources / Other sources

[1] Index Fungorum Partnership (2023). Index Fungorum. Lendemeriella exsecuta (Nyl.) S.Y. Kondr., 2020. Accessed through: RAS (Eds.) (2023) Register of Antarctic Species at: https://ras.biodiversity.aq/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1605227 on 2023-09-07

Metrics

0

0

web of science logo


507

Views

241

PDF views