Terapia sebapresiahnutím v liečbe závislosti od alkoholu

Roč.17,č.1(2023)

Abstrakt

Skupinová terapia sebapresiahnutím (TS) je novým psychoterapeutickým prístupom navrhnutým pre liečbu závislostí, vychádzajúcim z kognitívno-behaviorálnej terapie. Cieľom práce bolo porovnať účinnosť TS s obvyklou psychoterapeutickou liečbou (OL) u pacientov vstupujúcich do ambulantnej liečby kvôli závislosti od alkoholu. Štúdie sa zúčastnilo 79 participantov (33 % žien) s priemerným vekom 46,8 rokov (SD = 12,5). Pacientom bola poskytnutá buď TS (n = 39) alebo OL (n = 40). Skupiny boli porovnávané v miere relapsu, v retencii v liečbe, v miere psychopatológie a v kvalite života. Po 20 týždňoch liečby neboli zistené rozdiely v účinnosti liečby medzi TS a OL. O výsledkoch štúdie diskutujeme cez optiku známych faktorov ovplyvňujúcich účinnosť psychoterapie.


Klíčová slova:
terapia sebapresiahnutím; kognitívno-behaviorálna terapia; skupinová psychoterapia; závislosť od alkoholu; výsledky liečby
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