Framing and Bias: A Literature Review of Recent Findings

Adriana Beratšová, Kristína Krchová, Nikola Gažová, Michal Jirásek

Abstract

Framing bias is an individual decision-making misconception caused by the fact that a person interprets the surrounding world according to a decision frame chosen by her or his subjective opinion. This article aims to review various kinds of factors that cause and affect framing or lead to debiasing, i.e. a decrease in the resulting framing bias. The objective of the study is carried out using a literature review that analyzes recent empirical studies. As a result, numerous factors are identified that according to the studies have an impact on framing. It transpires that four broader groups of these factors can be established – decision situation setup (amount of information, additional presentation of options), experience (knowledge, engagement), effort (attention, complexity, the amount of information to process) and demographics (gender, nationality).

Keywords

framing, framing bias, debiasing, systematic review

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https://doi.org/10.5817/CEJM2016-2-2


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